Levin was also claimed to have overseen the use of electroshocks and powerful drugs against conscientious objectors refusing to fight for the apartheid army in Angola or suppress dissent in the black townships. Exclude Finding Aids. "To the extent (R.B.) By joining Slate Plus you support our work and get exclusive content. In a clinic like FACS or FAOS, a therapist is in a position of control from which he could threaten to withdraw his support for a patient's social assistance, or even terminate care in a way that would land them back in jail. We want to know your opinion on this issue! Project Artichoke: Use of sodium pentothal and sodium amytal in Project Artichoke mind control program as reported in declassified CIA document. The family history is further explored in the sequel to Meeting You, released March 12, in which it is suggested that Nayeon’s mother harbored various regrets about her inadequacies during the last days of her daughter’s life. has said anything not relevant to what happened between 2001 and 2010, it is not relevant to these proceedings. In this particular instance, the postmortem, three-dimensional representation of a child unable to give consent leads to questions about the ethical ambiguities of resurrecting a person as an avatar after they have died, or the ambiguities surrounding the collection and processing of the personal data needed to re-create a person as VR persona. The documentary depicts these manipulations as a success, and the family as happy. Create your citations, reference lists and bibliographies automatically using the APA, MLA, Chicago, or Harvard referencing styles. The Aversion Project report argues that the doctors concerned broke international law. Upload joins a populous landscape of similar stories, featuring high-tech and often expensive solutions to death. The power disparity, too, cannot be discounted. Levin said he left South Africa only because of the high crime rate, and denied abusing human rights. "Health workers in the [military] were expected to be loyal first to the state and its ideologies. It introduces Jang Ji-sung, whose daughter Nayeon was just 7 when she died, and Nayeon’s surviving family: a father, an older brother, an older sister, and a younger sister. There is also research that supports the idea that storytelling can offset VR motion sickness and also that VR helps relieve pain during childbirth, suggesting that virtual reality can act as both a receptacle for stories and as a storytelling tool in and of itself. The film is packed with pandemic-free, Christmastime touchstones. When Levin has referred to treatments administered at Voortrekkerhoogte, his claims that the treatments were given to consenting patients may seem true from his own perspective... if one overlooks the participants' situational vulnerability, the lack of information given to them, and the many various things that they could be threatened with -- dishonorable discharge, outing to families and communities, the potential for trumped-up charges, rewards for cooperation, and even the manipulation of internalized homophobic guilt, stigma and shame (which would have been much more common and seemed more monolithic in the context of the 1970s and 1980s). But within these self-imposed guidelines we did avoid going in a direction that would force the mother to relive her trauma. The case has garnered international attention, due to the Calgary psychiatrist's past as a military psychiatrist in apartheid-era South Africa. Levin subjected some patients to narco-analysis or a "truth drug", involving the slow injection of a barbiturate before the questioning began. According to Kim, this creative decision was inspired by the desire to provide a sense of gentle closure, and to do so, he decided to try to think about death from the perspective of a young child. version of her husband, animated in the body of an android clone of her husband. Aversion therapy, shock therapy, harassment and occasional physical abuse. In the “Be Right Back” episode of Black Mirror, for instance, a grieving widow takes advantage of a service that uses her deceased husband’s social media profiles and online footprints to create an A.I. Majority of the "participants" of the test were drafted white males and females between 16-24 years of age. One had to be buzzed into the back where the therapists' offices are, often escorted. We would like the TRC to take note of that, particularly the fact that as far as the Project was concerned we were able to supply the TRC with the names of the doctors as far as we understand within the required time. Essential Doc Reads is our curated selection of recent features and important news items about the documentary form and its processes, from around the internet, as well as from the Documentary magazine archive. The Aversion Project. Nonfiction projects exist too, albeit in a more contemplative vein. In this way, his case became difficult to prosecute even beyond the circus-style atmosphere of the trial. Nayeon says things like “Mom, am I cute?”. After the end of apartheid, South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission heard testimony regarding the controversial nature of the aversion project Levin ran while in the SADF. The 'sex change' therapy exemplifies the homophobic attitude in the 20th century. It's obvious to me why the original complainant felt he had to record the sessions more than once in order to be believed by authorities (and why prosecutors found the trial particularly difficult). We did not try to analyze or heal anyone at any point. |, The Ten Greatest Opera Divas of All Time |, The Emergence & Danger of the 'Acceptable Trans* Narrative' |, More Than One Reason Not to Eat at Jimmy John's |, Top 10 Lies the Black Church Tells About Being Gay |, Why You Shouldn't Donate to the Salvation Army Bell Ringers |. “Nayeon’s mother has told us that she thinks of the production and the VR experience as a … Levin was convicted on three of those counts and acquitted of two, with the jury deadlocked on another four (two of those four were retried, but that too resulted in a mistrial). The question then reverts to one of 'informed consent' and whether the choices people are given are limited because they cannot say 'no.'. The South African Press Association (SAPA) described the shock therapy allegations raised by the HHRP in 1997: The HHRP said Levine was first named in a December 1986/January 1987 edition of the War Resister, a publication of the Committee of SA War Resisters. In the last 200 years, scientists in the name of pioneering study, have conducted some of the most bizarre and cruel experiments in human history. The Sexchange Experiment Camp : Trailer for Male to Female Transformation Movie. The prompt … Victims were forced to submit to "curing" their homosexuality because the SADF considered homosexuality to be subversive and those who were homosexual were subject to … There are often conditions at every step, such as required follow-up reports to probation officers, or else subsidized housing or income (such as Assured Income for the Severely Handicapped support) are dependent on continued treatment. © 2004-2019 The Bilerico Project / LGBTQ Nation. We emailed in Korean, and I translated Kim’s comments into English. But it is difficult to square our present-day appreciation of cinema as an art form with our suspicion of virtual reality and its frequently uncanny reproductions. Various homosexual individuals – who were targets of the conversion therapy – along with the families and friends of these i… The first step ― which usually lasted six months ― [is] where they “deconstruct us as a person.” Their tactics still haunt me. After that request failed, there were questions about Levin's mental health and claims of vascular dementia (Martin noted: "But once he was declared fit, Levin became a new man, taking notes and instructing his counsel"). 1. The hourlong special aired in February and can be viewed online (unfortunately, only in Korean). The 2010 charges stem from incidents in which Aubrey Levin was said to have fondled patients' genitals. Then a drop in heart rate precipitated a medical emergency for which he was briefly hospitalized. In this sense, the doll-like VR Nayeon does not come across so much as a perversion of a technophobic nightmare (e.g., like the eerily realistic android in Black Mirror’s “Be Right Back”) but more like an artistic tribute. Renaissance Education Association 15; Silk, Cyndi 3; Beeman, Wendi 2; International Foundation for Gender Education (IFGE) 2 Laing, Alison 2; Richards, Kymberleigh 2 The length of time taken to bring him to trial was unusual in the first place -- 2 1/2 years, while police followed up with several former patients to determine how many charges could be laid. Rather, we tried to focus on the positive memories,” said Kim. When a therapist takes someone to the private examination room, the patient could be more or less helpless to do anything other than play along. Slate, In an attempt to find out more about the time her father spent in the old South African National defense force, one young South African woman finds more than she was looking for. The Ford Foundation’s Creativity and Free Expressions program initiated the project by inviting 44 thinkers from the arts, documentary filmmaking and journalism to contribute essays responding to demands for change that have risen from the inequities laid bare by the COVID-19 pandemic, police killings of people of color and protests that spread globally in response. Aversion therapy may be helpful for stopping specific types of unwanted behaviors or habits. 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