Republic of Lucca A small Italian city-state from 1100 until its dismemberment by Napoleon in 1799, the Republic of Lucca was for centuries capital of Tuscany, and rivalled Florence in greatness. Lucca hosts the annual Lucca Summer Festival. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. From 1815 to 1847 it was a Bourbon-Parma duchy. In the hamlet of Colandi, to the right of the stream, there was the customs office set up to tax the transport of products that crossed the mountains to the north and which were brought to the various markets in the Province of Lucca. In 1817 it was given to Maria Luisa, widow of the King of Etruria, whose son Carlo Ludovico ceded it to Tuscany in 1847. Along with Venice and Genoa, Lucca was the only Italian city state, who was able to sustain a "democratic" government and its … His biography is Machiavelli's third famous book on political rule. Dante’s Divine Comedy include many references to the great feudal families who had huge … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. During the Italian Social Republic, as a puppet state of the Germans, political prisoners, foreigners, common law prisoners and Jews were interned there, and it functioned as a concentration camp. Detailed information about the coin 1 Soldo, Carlo Ludovico I, Republic of Lucca, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data The only reigning dukes of Lucca were Maria Luisa of Spain, who was succeeded by her son Charles II, Duke of Parma in 1824. This article is about the city in Italy. Frediano, an Irish monk, was bishop of Lucca in the early sixth century. The city became a part of Tuscany in 1847 and later a part of Italy. Republic of Lucca; Usage on la.wikipedia.org Res publica Lucensis; Metadata. In 1942, during World War II, a prisoner-of-war camp was established at the village of Colle di Compito, in the municipality of Capannori, about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Lucca. Lucca Republic. It is also the birthplace of artist Benedetto Brandimarte. For almost 500 years, Lucca was an independent republic. Lucca managed, at first as a democracy, and after 1628 as an oligarchy, to maintain its independence alongside of Venice and Genoa, and painted the word Libertas on its banner until the French Revolution in 1789.[9]. Lucca was an important city and fortress even in the sixth century, when Narses besieged it for several months in 553. Pawned to the Rossi of Parma, by them it was ceded to Mastino II della Scala of Verona, sold to the Florentines, surrendered to the Pisans, and then nominally liberated by the emperor Charles IV and governed by his vicar. In 1814 it was occupied by the Neapolitans, and later by the Austrians. In 1314, internal discord allowed Uguccione della Faggiuola of Pisa to make himself lord of Lucca. In accordance with the Treaty of Vienna (1815), upon the death of Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma in 1847, Parma reverted to Charles II, Duke of Parma, while Lucca lost independence and was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. The Republic of Lucca was a small nation lead by Slimdude, and later bandeed together with Venice to form the NIR (Northern Italian Republic) As much of the beginnings of Lucca are unknown, Slimdude constructed several buildings and farms in Lucca, together with a small farm. It passes through the Bastions of Santa Croce, San Frediano, San Martino, San Pietro/Battisti, San Salvatore, La Libertà/Cairoli, San Regolo, San Colombano, Santa Maria, San Paolino/Catalani, and San Donato; and over the gates (Porte): San Donato, Santa Maria, San Jocopo, Elisa, San Pietro, and Sant'Anna. On 22 and 23 September 1325, in the battle of Altopascio, Castracani defeated Florence's Guelphs. At the Lucca Conference, in 56 BC, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus reaffirmed their political alliance known as the First Triumvirate.[6][7]. Flag of Lucca (1801-1805).svg 324 × 216; 452 bytes Lucca 1801-1805.gif 324 × 216; 1 KB Merchant Flag of the Republic of Lucca (13th … [citation needed]. However, it is usually relegated to a mere footnote in history texts, if mentioned at all, so I made an effort to … Detailed information about the coin 1 Scudo, Republic of Lucca, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data Country Italian Republic of Lucca Reign Henry III-V. (1039-1125) Denomination Denar Date Struck ND. The main participants in the treaty were Alexander I, the King of Switzerland; and Guglielmo de' Medici, the then-Doge of Lucca. Take a look at the photos to get an idea and as an integral part of the description. As a result of the treaty, the territory of the Republic of Lucca including its overseas territories have been formally ceded to the Kingdom of Switzerland. Another proof of the importance of buccellato in the history of the city is the levy that the Republic of Lucca imposed in 1578 on its sale, the money obtained from this new tax were later used to rebuild the embankments of the river Serchio. During the 10–11th centuries Lucca was the capital of the feudal margraviate of Tuscany, more or less independent but owing nominal allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor. Roberto Breschi, in his presantation: "Flags in Italy under Napoleon's pressure" at ICV 20 in Stockholm, reported about the Lucca Republic: The Republic used the flag reported by Jaume as 1801-1805 only from 1803. During the tenth–eleventh centuries Lucca was the capital of the feudal margraviate of Tuscany, more or less independent but owing nominal allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor. In 1799 Lucca was joined to the Cisalpine Republic. February 14th, 2013 Headsman. Procession of Santa Croce, on 13 September. The 2006 edition featured live performances by Eric Clapton, Placebo, Massive Attack, Roger Waters, Tracy Chapman, and Santana at the Piazza Napoleone. https://www.britannica.com/place/Republic-of-Lucca, CRW Flags - Flag of Republic of Lucca, Tuscany, Italy. Lucca had been the second largest Italian city state (after Venice) with a republican constitution ("comune") to remain independent over the centuries. The Lucchesi expelled him two years later, and handed over the city to another condottiero, Castruccio Castracani, under whose rule it became a leading state in central Italy. The Republic of Lucca was a historic state of Italy, which lasted from 1160 to 1805 on the central Italian peninsula. And here is the Luccan Republic on a map: Central Europe after the Peace of Basel (1795) and of Campo Formio (1797) More History Omissions? Republic of Lucca, also called Luccan Republic, French République Lucquoise, Italian Repubblica Lucchese, republic established by Napoleon Bonaparte in Lucca and its environs on Dec. 27, 1801, after his second successful conquest … In 1805, the Republic of Lucca became part of the French Empire. 87,100), capital of Lucca prov., Tuscany, N central Italy, near the Ligurian Sea. For almost 500 years, Lucca remained an independent republic. In 1805 Napoleon made it a dukedom for his cousin Felice Bacciochi. Meanwhile, the Duchy of Parma had been assigned for life to Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, the second wife of Napoleon. It is the capital of the Province of Lucca. The research intends to acquire the interest of Lucca records kept in Spanish Archives and primarily the Archivo General de Simancas; to produce a database of instructions, reports and dispatches concerning major diplomatic missions at the courts of Madrid, Naples, Milan, with particular regard to the sixteenth and … For other uses, see, Palaces, villas, houses, offices, and museums, List of World War II prisoner-of-war camps in Italy, List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy, "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011", "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018", "A Walled City in Tuscany Clings to Its Ancient Menu", "Ill-treatment of prisoners of war at Camp PG 60, Lucca, Italy, July to November 1942", "Church of Sant'Alessandro Maggiore | Lucca", "IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca - Scuola di Dottorato IMT Alti Studi di Lucca", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucca&oldid=991027603, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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