To understand the gruesome history of the death penalty, it is essential to comprehend how badly inventor Thomas Edison wanted to zap his nemesis George Westinghouse. However, without George, who had preceded her in death by three months, she was quoted to have said, "I have nothing to live for now." Assistant medical examiner H.W. [citation needed]. The Westinghouse company installed 30 more AC-lighting systems within a year and by the end of 1887 it had 68 alternating current power stations to Edison's 121 DC-based stations. Westinghouse also had to deal with an AC rival, the Thomson-Houston Electric Company, which had built 22 power stations by the end of 1887[13] and by 1889 had bought out another competitor, the Brush Electric Company. At the age of fifteen, as the Civil War broke out, Westinghouse enlisted in the New York National Guard and served until his parents urged him to return home.     Westinghouse Founder (1886) In 1898 Westinghouse demonstrated a 300-kilowatt unit, replacing reciprocating engines in his air-brake factory. As a boy, George greatly preferred working in his father's shop to going to school. Westinghouse replied that might be the case, but it made no difference. Brakemen had to run from car to car, on catwalks atop the cars, applying the brakes manually on each car. He soon invented a pressure-adjustment mechanism that allowed gas to be transmitted at great pressure over long distances, and then reduced to low pressure near distribution points.

However, without George, Returning home, He used his own inventions as well as others’ patents in his business. As a Civil War veteran, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, along with his wife Marguerite, who survived him by three months. It w… He was initially interred in Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, NY then removed on December 14, 1915. William Francis Kemmler (May 9, 1860 – August 6, 1890) was an American peddler, alcoholic, and murderer, who in 1890 became the first person in the world to be executed by electric chair.He was convicted of murdering Matilda "Tillie" Ziegler, his common-law wife, two years earlier. It was a key event in the history of AC power, as Westinghouse demonstrated the safety, reliability, and efficiency of a fully integrated alternating current system to the American public.     Dutch Ancestry Maternal, Do you know something we don't? Order of Leopold, Belgium Home wife are buried in Arlington National Cemetery. The next year he installed a 1.5-megawatt, 1,200 rpm unit for the Hartford Electric Light Company. That wasn't always the case.     Westinghouse Machine Company Founder (1880) George Westinghouse was born on October 6, 1846, in Central Bridge, New York. At age 21 he invented a "car replacer", a device to guide derailed railroad cars back onto the tracks, and a reversible frog, a device used with a railroad switch to guide trains onto one of two tracks. The story is told that his father agreed to pay George fifty cents a day to cut pipe into specified lengths. Westinghouse saw the potential of using alternating current for electric power distribution in the early 1880s and put all his resources into developing and marketing it. Train travel is one of the safest ways to get around. At the time of her death on June 23, 1914, she was living at Erskine Park in Lenox, Massachusetts - the Westinghouse summer home - and the place that she loved the most. Westinghouse remained productive and inventive almost all his life. … He was ordered to take a rest in 1913 as a heart ailment flared up. [23] At the beginning of 1893 Westinghouse engineer Benjamin Lamme had made great progress developing an efficient version of Tesla's induction motor and Westinghouse Electric started branding their complete polyphase AC system as the "Tesla Polyphase System", announcing Tesla's patents gave them patent priority over other AC systems and their intentions to sue patent infringers. Wembley examined the body and ruled that the cause of death had been coronary thrombosis. Spending much of his later life in public service, Westinghouse showed signs of a heart ailment by 1913 and was ordered to rest by doctors. Married Life. Duquesne grew to over a 1,000 residents and the mine reached its peak production in the mid-1910s.[30][31]. That required reduction gearing, but building reduction gearing that could operate at high rpm and at high power was difficult, since a slight misalignment would shake the power train to pieces. Emeline passed away of cause of death on month day 1895, at age 85 at death place, Pennsylvania. At the same time, Thomas Edison was launching the first DC electric utility designed to light homes and businesses with his patented incandescent bulb. 1906-10-19 Frederick Winslow Taylor is awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Pennsylvania In 1885 Westinghouse imported a number of Gaulard–Gibbs transformers and a Siemens AC generator, to begin experimenting with AC networks in Pittsburgh. Joining Dr. Large to perform an autopsy was Dr. Whitmell P. Small -- yes, Drs. Thus the American Institute of Electrical Engineers wanted to determine a precise cause of Pope's death. One of the most spectacular failures of global marketing was Parker Pen's misguided foray into standardizing their global marketing program … He was an actor, known for Attack of the Giant Leeches (1959), The Ford Television Theatre (1952) and Jungle Jim (1955). [15], During this period Westinghouse continued to pour funds and engineering resources into the goal of building a completely integrated AC system, obtaining the Sawyer–Man lamp by buying Consolidated Electric Light, developing components such as an induction meter,[16] and obtaining the rights to inventor Nikola Tesla's brushless AC induction motor along with patents for a new type of electric power distribution, polyphase alternating current. Father: George Westinghouse, Sr. (machine shop owner, b. Westinghouse and his engineers devised an automatic alignment system that made turbine power practical for large vessels. AKA George Westinghouse, Jr. Air brake and AC power. Though he lost control of his electric company and much of his vast fortune in the economic Panic of 1907, Westinghouse probably deserves as much credit for his business skills as his engineering and inventing accomplishments. With that success AC became America's dominant power source, though Edison spent many more years trying to discredit Westinghouse and AC. He then spent several years working in his father's machine shop, making slight improvements in various areas of railroad technology, and inventing a machine that put derailed rail cars back on their tracks. Sean Connery's Cause of Death Revealed Weeks After He Dies at Age 90 ... noting how he recently graduated from George Westinghouse High School in … In simplified terms, this meant that an AC infrastructure would require fewer and larger power plants, while DC would need more and smaller generating facilities, located closer to the customers' homes and factories. [3] After his military discharge in August 1865, he returned to his family in Schenectady and enrolled at Union College. [4][5], At about this time, he witnessed a train wreck where two engineers saw one another, but were unable to stop their trains in time using the existing brakes. Westinghouse and had given her some Westinghouse street railway data which The working population held Westinghouse in high esteem because he believed He founded He was later confined to a wheelchair and died in 1914 at the age of 67. A deciding factor came with the 1893 World Columbian Exposition, an enormous short-term tourist attraction and scientific and commercial showcase in Chicago, lit largely and to glorious visual effect by Westinghouse. Each methodology had its strong and weak points, but DC had been better publicized before Westinghouse got into the business, and while electricity was new to most Americans it was synonymous with DC. Union Switch and Signal Company Founder (1881) [4] He also devised the Westinghouse Farm Engine. The plant supplied power to the Gold King Mine 3.5 miles away. He founded Westinghouse Air Brake Company (now Wabtec) in 1869, and within a few years he was a millionaire. In 1930, the Westinghouse Memorial, funded by his employees, was placed in Schenley Park in Pittsburgh. In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. [34], George Westinghouse died on March 12, 1914, in New York City at age 67. At the same time, a contract to build the three-phase AC distribution system the project needed was awarded to General Electric. That same year, Westinghouse formed the "Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company";[12] in 1889 he renamed it as "Westinghouse Electric Corporation". He was confined to a wheelchair with a weakened heart for the last few years of his life, and died in 1914 with some 360 patents in his name. In 1888 Tesla met with company founder/president George Westinghouse and agreed to license his patents for the sum of $60,000, plus 150 shares of … Birthplace:Central Bridge, NY. One of his first inventions had been a rotary steam engine, but it had proven impractical. [35], A six-day workweek was the rule when George Westinghouse inaugurated the first Saturday half holiday in his Pittsburgh factory in 1881.[36]. George Westinghouse Jr. (October 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914) was an American entrepreneur and engineer based in Pennsylvania who created the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, receiving his first patent at the age of 19. Also named in his honor, George Westinghouse Bridge is near the site of his Turtle Creek plant. George Westinghouse. George Westinghouse Fact File: Lifespan: 1846 - 1914 *** Full Name: George Westinghouse, Jr. *** Occupation: American Entrepreneur, Inventor and Engineer *** Date of Birth: He was born on October 6th, 1846 *** Place of Birth: He was born in Central Bridge, New York, USA *** Family background: His father was a machine shop owner *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in New York He officially retired in 1909 but continued working in the private laboratory on his estate, and remained a familiar presence at his numerous businesses until about 1911, when his health began to fail. Documents of Emeline (Emilia) Westinghouse (born Vedder) Emeline Westinghouse 1810 New York Emeline Westinghouse in 1870 United States Federal Census George Cisar, Actor: Attack of the Giant Leeches. [33] The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [25][26] This World's Fair devoted a building to electrical exhibits. Its plaque reads: The George Westinghouse Jr. She had also been initially interred in Woodlawn and removed and reinterred at the same time as George. Inventor, industrialist, and engineer George Westinghouse was the eighth of ten children born to an American … Acclaimed in his time as the "greatest living engineer," George Westinghouse was accorded numerous honors in the U.S. and abroad, even after his death on March 12, 1914. Married Life. [28] The early to mid-1890s saw General Electric, backed by financier J. P. Morgan, involved in costly takeover attempts and patent battles with Westinghouse Electric. Edison even suggested a Westinghouse AC generator be used in the State of New York's new electric chair. The near collapse of Barings Bank in London triggered the financial panic of 1890, causing investors to call in their loans to W.E.     Union Switch and Signal Company Founder (1881) His descendants still joke that Edison's body is buried somewhere on the grounds.     IEEE Edison Medal 1911    Grashof Medal 1913 With AC networks expanding, Westinghouse turned his attention to electrical power production. Curiously, this was analogous to Westinghouse's subsequent success with alternating current (AC) electricity. The Edison company, in collusion with Thomson-Houston, managed to arrange in 1890 that the first electric chair was powered with a Westinghouse AC generator, forcing Westinghouse to try to block this move by hiring the best lawyer of the day to (unsuccessfully) defend William Kemmler, the first man scheduled to die in the chair. At age 15 he ran away to join the Union army, but his parents made him come home. By the turn of the century, Westinghouse's enterprises had grown to employ over 50,000 workers. In 1886 he formed Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company (now CBS and Viacom) and soon licensed the related patents of Nikola Tesla, the inventor of AC. Register of Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy. Birthplace and Boyhood Home in Central Bridge, New York, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.[37].     English Ancestry Maternal Westinghouse then developed steam turbines for maritime propulsion. WESTINGHOUSE, GEORGE. The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1883, d. 1963), University: Union College, Schenectady, NY (attended 1865), Wabtec Westinghouse Air Brake Company:Founder (1869) The new lenders demanded that Westinghouse cut back on what looked like excessive spending on acquisition of other companies, research, and patents. George Westinghouse (1846 – 1914) was an inventor who applied his talents to the railroad and electrical industries. Modern trains use brakes in various forms based on this design. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 01:05. The group then demolished the house and created what is now Westinghouse Park, between Thomas Boulevard and the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks. After the World's Fair, his company was granted a contract to build three hydroelectric power plants at Niagara Falls, New York.     American Society of Mechanical Engineers President (1910)    American Numismatic Society     German Ancestry Paternal George Cisar was born on July 28, 1912 in Cicero, Illinois, USA. The British engineer Charles Algernon Parsons began experimenting with steam turbines in 1884, beginning with a 10-horsepower (7.5 kW) turbine. His Pittsburgh mansion and estate, dubbed "Solitude" by Westinghouse and his wife, was bequeathed to their only son, who sold the property to the Engineers Society of Western Pennsylvania four years later. After deteriorating health and illness confined him to a wheelchair, he died on March 12, 1914. He was buried at burial place, Virginia.     John Fritz Medal 1907 He later patented the device. Westinghouse grew up hanging around his father’s machine shop. Nikola Tesla was a scientist whose inventions include the Tesla coil, alternating-current (AC) electricity, and the discovery of the rotating magnetic field. Westinghouse became aware of the new European alternating current systems in 1885 when he read about them in the UK technical journal Engineering. George Westinghouse was the son of a modestly successful manufacturer of agricultural machinery. George Westinghouse was one of the most successful inventors of the 19th century and stands toe-to-toe with Thomas Edison as one of the greats of the electrical age. He was chief legal advisor to George Westinghouse in the 1880s. It was issued as, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCarlson2013 (, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Railway air brake § Westinghouse air brake, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, George Westinghouse Jr. [17][18] The acquisition of a feasible AC motor gave Westinghouse a key patent for his system, but the financial strain of buying up patents and hiring the engineers needed to build it meant development of Tesla's motor had to be put on hold for a while. At one time, Westinghouse began to work on heat pumps that could provide heating and cooling, and believed that he might be able to extract enough power in the process for the system to run itself. This put Westinghouse's business in direct competition with Thomas Edison, who marketed direct current for electric power distribution. Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA, Union College, Schenectady, NY (attended 1865), Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile. 1865. p. 209. Westinghouse saw AC's potential to achieve greater economies of scale as way to build a truly competitive system instead of simply building another barely competitive DC lighting system using patents just different enough to get around the Edison patents.[10]. Gender:Male. Thomson-Houston was expanding its business while trying to avoid patent conflicts with Westinghouse, arranging deals such as coming to agreements over lighting company territory, paying a royalty to use the Stanley transformer patent, and allowing Westinghouse to use their Sawyer–Man incandescent bulb patent. The scope of his financial empire was easy to overlook, as he named many of his companies not for himself but for his employees, the inventors and engineers who designed the assorted dynamos, meters, voltage regulators, and transformers that kept electricity humming. In 1989, Westinghouse was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. This was the first successful demonstration of long-distance transmission of industrial-grade alternating current power and used two 100 hp Westinghouse alternators, one working as a generator producing 3000-volt, 133-Hertz, single-phase AC, and the other used as an AC motor. The name had been Anglicized from Westinghausen. In 1911 Westinghouse received the American Institute of Electrical Engineers's (AIEE) Edison Medal "For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system."[1].

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