Resistance on the fault from the opposing Cumberland Mountain to Pine Mountain caused the U-shaped structure of the Middlesboro Syncline. Cumberland is a city in Harlan County, Kentucky, United States. The nearby town of Cumberland Gap, in Tennessee, is named after the gap. The stories of early pioneers and settlers, Civil War Soldiers, and mountain communities come alive when visiting the numerous historic buildings and structures found in the park. You can go to the overlook up on the mountain, they have a nice vistitors center. Searchable listings of Cumberland Gap hotels, motels, resorts, bed & breakfast, and more. Cumberland Gap Tourism: Tripadvisor has 553 reviews of Cumberland Gap Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Cumberland Gap resource. However, the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is closed until further notice. 10 on the Mississippi River and the right held by Brig. It is estimated that between 200,000 and 300,000 European-American settlers passed through the gap on their way into Kentucky and the Ohio Valley before 1810. It remained isolated until the coal mining boom of the 1900s when railroads connected it with surrounding towns. [11] By the 1790s, the trail that Boone and his men built had been widened to accommodate wagon traffic and became known as the Wilderness Road. Courtesy of the Kentucky Historical Society. Entrance Fee: $0.00, There is … The museum was established June 18th 2003 and is located in famous Cumberland Gap, TN, where the borders of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia come together. [15], Of the 371 species of animals listed so far within the park, 33 are mammals, 89 are birds, 29 amphibians, 15 reptiles, 27 fish, and 187 are insects, however many others remain to be included. The summers are typically sunny, warm and humid with average high temperatures in the mid to upper 80s F (29-32C). For additional park information, please visit the NPS web site. (Romance Novel), This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 00:58. The once flat-lying sedimentary rocks were deformed roughly 40 degrees northwest. 1501 Hwy 25 E Middlesboro, KY 40965 606-268-2855 Text Us Now Text us × Close. Lying south of the Middlesboro Basin in Kentucky, geologists have found evidence of an ancient meteor crater adjacent to the Cumberland Gap. But Martin and his men were chased out of the area by Native Americans, and Martin did not return until 1775.[10]. This combination of natural geological processes created ideal conditions for weathering and erosion of the rocks. It is famous in American colonial history for its role as a key passageway through the lower central Appalachians. [13], The gap and associated historic resources were listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district on May 28, 1980. Last-minute getaway? The Cumberland Gap is a pass through the long ridge of the Cumberland Mountains, within the Appalachian Mountains, near the junction of the U.S. states of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. Middlesboro is the only place in the world where coal is mined inside an astrobleme. The gap was formed by the development of three major structural features: the Pine Mountain Thrust Sheet, the Middlesboro Syncline, and the Rocky Face Fault. Background. Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Visitor Center is located on U.S. Highway 25E just south of Middlesboro, Kentucky. Little Congress Bicycle Museum 807 Llewellyn St Cumberland Gap, TN 37724 P:423-869-9993 bicyclemuseum.net Middlesboro, KY In 1769 Joseph Martin built a fort nearby at present-day Rose Hill, Virginia, on behalf of Walker's land claimants. The base of the gap is about 300 feet (91 m) above the valley floor, even though the north side of the pass was lowered 20 feet (6.1 m) during the construction of Old U.S. Route 25E. The following year, in a bloodless engagement in September 1863, Union Army troops under General Ambrose Burnside forced the surrender of 2,300 Confederates defending the gap, gaining Union control of the gap for the remainder of the war. The passage through the gap was originally created by herds of woodland buffalo that traveled across it over thousands of years, drawn by the abundance of salt in the region. First Name. Probably an hour from Knoxville. Of all the beautiful areas in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, the Hensley Settlement is one of the most beloved destinations for staff and visitors alike. Description Cumberland Gap is a town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, near the Cumberland Gap pass, the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, and the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. The pass is located in the southeastern United States. The nearest cities are Middlesboro, Kentucky, and Harrogate, Tennessee. [2] It lies within Cumberland Gap National Historical Park and is located on the border of present-day Kentucky and Virginia, approximately 0.25 miles (0.40 km) northeast of the tri-state marker with Tennessee. The Cumberland Gap Tunnel is a tunnel that carries U.S. Route 25E under Cumberland Gap National Historical Park near the intersection of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia.According to United States Geological Survey maps of the area, the tunnel does not enter Virginia. Cumberland Gap is located on the route of the famous old "Wilderness Road," one of the entry points into Kentucky during the pioneer period. Long used by Native American nations, the Cumberland Gap was brought to the attention of settlers in 1750 by Thomas Walker, a Virginia physician and explorer. Lateral compressive forces of sedimentary rocks from deep layers of the Earth's crust pushing upward 320 to 200 million years ago created the thrust sheet. (Cumberland Gap National Historical Park was founded in 1959.) Tour Hensley Settlement and experience what life was like in a 20th century mountain community. Explore camper reviews and photos of the campgrounds in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. The gap has been mentioned in many other songs, including: ”Tennessee Moon” by Norah Hess features a fictionalization of the Cumberland Gap post-Civil War as the main setting. It was renamed Cumberland in 1926. Bears are active in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. In June 1862, Union Army General George W. Morgan captured the gap for the Union. Review of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Reviewed July 25, 2012 Went to the pinnacle overlook-it was amazing and beautiful, but I am terrified of heights and was a little scared. The Cumberland Gap is a passageway running through Cumberland Mountain at the Virginia-Kentucky border. It is a world of darkness, with fantastic dripstone formations and strange animals who have adapted to the cave environment. In September of that year, Confederate States Army forces under Edmund Kirby Smith occupied the gap during General Braxton Bragg's Kentucky Invasion. Ranger led tours of Gap Cave are offered throughout the year. The Confederates held a long line of fortifications across Kentucky, Tennessee and into Missouri under Albert Sidney Johnston.The center of Johnston's defenses was Bowling Green, KY with the left flank anchored at Island No. Nonprofit MEMBER of Cumberland Gap Region Tourism Association. Several American Civil War engagements occurred in and around the Cumberland Gap and are known as the Battle of the Cumberland Gap. From the new album POOR DAVID'S ALMANACK, out now on Acony Records. All food must be properly stored in a vehicle when not in use and garbage must be properly stored or … 91 Bartlett Park Road Full Line of Pork Products. The Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located at the border between Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia, centered on the Cumberland Gap, a natural break in the Appalachian Mountains.. The Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway is a 92-mile-long (148 km) east–west controlled-access highway in the U.S. state of Kentucky, extending from Barren County in the west to Somerset in the east. [7], The passage created by Cumberland Gap was well traveled by Native Americans long before the arrival of European-American settlers. In Cumberland Gap, most buildings are single detached homes, and the remaining dwellings are mainly mobile homes. Also got to meet some extremely nice people up there and saw several deer. [2] One of three astroblemes in the state, it is a 3.7-mile (6.0 km) diameter meteorite impact crater[5] with the city of Middlesboro, Kentucky, built entirely inside it. Explore a hidden world found underground- inside the mountains! In September 2003, the site was designated a Distinguished Geologic Site by the Kentucky Society of Professional Geologists. The presence of shatter cones found also helped confirm the origin of impact. 40965. List of mountain passes in the Appalachian Mountains, "Geology of Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Profile for Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Impact at Cumberland Gap: Where Natural and National History Collide", National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: Cumberland Gap Historic District - Virginia/Kentucky/Tennessee, "Plants: Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", "Animals: Cumberland Gap National Historical Park", Magoffin County Pioneer Village and Museum, Bat Cave and Cascade Caverns State Nature Preserves, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cumberland_Gap&oldid=994082213, Rail mountain passes of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To the south, the ridge rises 600 feet (180 m) above the pass, while to the north the Pinnacle Overlook towers 900 feet (270 m) above (elevation 2,505 feet (764 m)). Courtesy of Randell Jones, www.danielboonefootsteps.com States Cornerstone: This cornerstone marks the location at Cumberland Gap where Kentucky, Tenneseee, and Virginia meet. [2] In 1966 Robert Dietz discovered shatter cones in nearby sandstone, proving recent speculation. Today 18,000 cars pass beneath the site daily, and 1.2 million people visit the park on the site annually. [12], U.S. Route 25E passed overland through the gap before the completion of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel in 1996. [5], Without the Rocky Face Fault, it would have been difficult for pack-horses to navigate this gap and the gap in Pine Mountain near Pineville, and it would be improbable that wagon roads would have been constructed at an early date. The path was used by a team of frontiersmen led by Daniel Boone, making it accessible to pioneers who used it to journey into the western frontiers of Kentucky and Tennessee. It was an important part of the Wilderness Road and is now part of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. [3], Because it is centrally located in the United States, the region around Cumberland Gap experiences all four seasons. The original trail was then restored. Visitors traveling on Interstate 75 in Kentucky should exit on 25E at Corbin. Gen. Felix Zollicoffer at the Cumberland Gap.. Situated in Cumberland Gap, this bed & breakfast is 0.7 mi (1.1 km) from Cumberland Gap National Historical Park and within 6 mi (10 km) of Middlesboro Mall and Bell County Historical Society Museum. [3], The V-shaped gap serves as a gateway to the west. This town also has a choice of housing size options - there is a higher proportion of three bedroom homes in this town. Cumberland Gap is situated on the Kentucky-Virginia boundary approximately one-quarter mile north of the point where Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee meet. Indians used Cumberland Gap as a gateway through the mountains before the arrival of the white man. The earliest written account of Cumberland Gap dates to the 1670s, by Abraham Wood of Virginia. [2], The discovery of the Middlesboro impact structure has proposed new details in the formation of Cumberland Gap. [16] Over 120 species of birds have been logged in the park on the website eBird. Special mining techniques must be used in the complicated strata of this crater. COVID-19 Update: Please note that KY Co Hwy 988, US 25E through the Cumberland Gap Highway Tunnel, and VA Hwy 58 through the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park (CGNHP) will remain accessible to traffic. Tours of the historic Hensley Settlement are offered from May through October. In the winter months, January through March, temperatures range in the 30s to 40s F (0s C) and are generally mild with rain and few periods of snow.[4]. The Cumberland Gap is one of many passes in the Appalachian Mountains but the only one in the continuous Cumberland Mountain ridgeline. Cumberland Gap Artists Co-op members will be Father Christmas' helpers, and they will be giving a beautiful stuffed animal to the first 200 children who come. Visitors to the park can expect to see gray squirrels, white-tailed deer, cottontail rabbits, songbirds, hawks, snakes, turtles, and perhaps black bear or bobcat. [6] Detailed mapping by geologists in the 1960s led many to interpret the geological features of the area to be the site of an ancient impact. [8], The gap was named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, son of King George II of Great Britain, who had many places named for him in the American colonies after the Battle of Culloden. Middlesboro ARH Hospital and Wilderness Road State Park are also within 9 mi (15 km). Shatter cones, a rock-shattering pattern naturally formed only during impact events, are found in abundance in the area. If … Our brands include Cumberland Gap, Hickory Hills, Olde Kentucky, Olde English and Pine Mountain which are all Naturally Smoked with 100% real hickory wood. Less than 300 million years ago a meteorite, "approximately the size of a football field", struck the earth, creating the Middlesboro Crater. [14], Within the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park there are currently 855 known species of vascular plants identified, but that number is expected to increase with reports from National Park Service inventory and monitoring programs. Cumberland was settled in 1826 and named Poor Fork. It is located near the point where Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee meet between Middlesboro, Kentucky, and the town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Complete information on tourist attractions and parks for Cumberland Gap, Kentucky, including popular family and vacation destinations and state and local parks and recreation areas. The population was 2,611 at the 2000 census and was estimated at 2,291 in 2007. The population was 204 at the 2000 census. The Cumberland Gap is a pass through the long ridge of the Cumberland Mountains, within the Appalachian Mountains, near the junction of the U.S. states of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee. Park Address: 91 Bartlett Park Road, Middlesboro, KY 40965. Camping near Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is easy with Hipcamp, where private landowners offer one-of-a-kind camping experiences. The park lies in parts of Bell and Harlan counties in Kentucky, Claiborne County in Tennessee, and Lee County in Virginia. The Cumberland Gap Inn has the best view of the Smoky Mountains in town—and it should, because it’s smack in the middle of the Cumberland Gap National Park. There are 15 various vegetation communities throughout the park, with some of them in special locations, such as mountain bogs, low-elevation wetlands, and rocky bluffs. Discover rich history, spectacular overlooks, unique rock formations, cascading waterfalls, and an extensive trail system in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park's 24,000 acres. For other uses, see, Narrow pass through the Cumberland Mountains. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Used Cars Middlesboro KY At Cumberland Ford Lincoln, our customers can count on quality used cars, great prices, and a knowledgeable sales staff. Cumberland Gap National Park has a lot to offer: rich history, spectacular scenery, impressive vistas, unique geologic sandstone formations, magnificent underground caverns, and abundant and diverse plant and animal life. Cumberland Gap, natural pass (elevation 1,640 feet [500 metres]) that was cut through the Cumberland Plateau in the eastern United States by former stream activity. Cumberland Gap is located 50 miles southeast of Corbin on Highway 25E. Park ranger with visitors in Gap Cave [9] The explorer Thomas Walker gave the name to the Cumberland River in 1750, and the name soon spread to many other features in the region, such as the Cumberland Gap. Use our easy Lodging Search to find exactly the type of accommodation you are … Discover rich history, spectacular overlooks, unique rock formations, cascading waterfalls, and an extensive trail system in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park's 24,000 acres. They will also be having Open House all day from 10 to 7 p.m., serving refreshments and a door prize drawing of a gift certificate. On his arrival, Boone discovered that Martin had already arrived in Powell Valley, where Martin and his men were clearing land for their own settlement – the westernmost settlement in English colonial America at the time. What are the most popular housing types in Cumberland Gap, TN? Further constriction to the northwest of Cumberland Mountain developed into a fault trending north-to-south called the Rocky Face Fault, which eventually cut through Cumberland Mountain. [17], This article is about a mountain pass in the United States. Visitors traveling on Interstate 75 in Tennesseee should exit on Highway 63 at Jacksboro/Lafollette. In 1750 Dr. Thomas Walker discover Cumberland Gap while searching for a settlement area. It is one of seven named highways designated in Kentucky's parkway system. The park features many hiking trails. It's not as big as the GSMNP nor does it get anywhere as crowded. 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