Balloon Flowers are summer-blooming cousins to the more familiar Bellflowers. If a mild fertilizer is added at the beginning of the season, only regular watering will be needed for them to thrive throughout. The stems of this plant emerge from the ground each spring but can be easily disturbed if you forget where they were planted. Its dominant flower color is a dazzling blue, with white and pink forms to complete the palette. Learn more. In the Far East, the plant’s fleshy roots have been consumed for their health benefits for more than 2,000 years. To grow well, balloon flowers need plenty of light, but can grow sufficiently well in partial shade. Balloon flowers typically won’t flower in their first year. Avoid heavy or waterlogged areas when planting the balloon flower as it will struggle to survive in these conditions. They look for all the world like huge, unopened buds, with neatly-drawn seams around each petal and a puffed-up, light-as-air form. It is a perennial plant that can live for years on end. They are also deer-resistant and pest-resistant, very rarely being affected with insect infestations. The bushy plants flower very quickly and throughout the summer, and the long-stemmed flowers are great for pruning and cutting. 4.0 out of 5 stars 122. across (6 cm), adorned with 5 broad, pointed lobes that form a star shape. Balloon flowers come in a number of attractive varieties, though none will bloom the first year. Balloon Flower Varieties Apoyama. In the winter, the foliage itself can provide some colorful interest in the garden, with the leaves often fading to shades of purple and red. In Europe, it is said that the five points represent the five senses, and Greek philosophers deemed them a symbol for the five elements of the earth. It’s a good idea to mark them out so that you can leave a clear space for them to arrive each year, as even minor disturbance of this plant can cause it to die. How to Prune a Balloon Flower. Fruit & Vegetable Seed. Here are some common varieties of the species. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Hope you will want to buy some seeds this coming spring. Alternatively, you can sow seeds directly in the ground during late spring or summer. Suggested uses. Fuji Blue is a medium variety of balloon flowers. It is native to East Asia (China, Korea, Japan, and the Russian Far East). Have a look at all the different cultivars that can be derived from the single bellflower species. This selection forms a compact mound of green foliage, bearing inflated buds that open into star-shaped single bright violet-blue blossoms. The balloon flower is a hardy plant that is able to grow in both dry climates as well as cold climates. Tip: White flowering balloon flower varieties favor a place in the semi-shade, as the pure white flowers could discolor under intense sunlight. This plant is hardy in zones 3 to 8, and it will thrive in temperatures ranging from 60 to 80 ºF. Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Gravel, Rock. New plants need regular water while getting established, but then are pretty drought-tolerant. Even though the medicinal and nutritional uses of the plant and its flowers are not as well known in this part of the world, their ornamental beauty and ease of care have motivated several homeowners to plant them. ‘Double Blue’ cultivar of Platycodon grandiflorus is a tall stemmed flower with double the violet-blue petals. Another song by the same name is known as Toraji in Japan. This easy-care perennial gets its common name from its balloon-like buds that swell up just before they open. The seeds occur in a seed pot with five valves that open from the head, and the leaves are unstalked, becoming narrower as they proceed upwards. Doraji taryeong, a song derived from the locally found flower, is one of the most popular folk songs in both North and South Korea. Platycodon grandiflorus 'Zwerg' Sku #2098 Unique flowers are rounded, balloon-like, before opening to deep blue star-like blooms. Balloon flower Platycodon grandiflorus Jim Lawerence Flower and Bud Close Up (Cleveland County,NC)-Summer Dotty Leatherwood CC BY 4.0 emerging plant, spring, Durham County, NC Carol Tierney CC BY … Colds and flues are other ailments that this plant is used for. The plant grows to around 24 inches in height and is a variety that may need to be staked when mature. Grass Seed. It is herbaceous and perennial like all Platycodon plants, and produces several vibrant blue flowers that are about 3 inches across. The Apoyama is an erect, clump-forming perennial that has very thick roots and ovate, toothed leaves. Once established in their soil, balloon flowers are live long and are reliable perennials. Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorus) - Easy Caring Tips, 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. The flowers have bluish veins inside that are clearly visible; they appear either alone, or in small clusters at the ends of stems. Widely popular among gardeners, Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon Flower) is a compact herbaceous perennial with bell-shaped, flaring, violet-blue flowers, up to 2-3 in. Taller varieties of balloon flower may start to flop over without adequate support. It can be planted in gardens, but also does well as an indoor plant. There are many varieties here are some of the highlights: 1. There are a whole host of varieties to choose from if you are looking to invest in some balloon flowers, with all of them having plenty to offer the keen gardener. Resembling bellflowers (Campanula), they open from large, plump, balloon-like buds which almost beg to be popped. The plant is a hardy perennial that has stalks that reach 30 to 90 cm (1 to 3 feet) in height. More varieties for Balloon flower 'Astra Blue' balloon flower Double balloon flower 'Sentimental Blue' balloon flower Plant Balloon flower with … A high-quality, well-draining soil with good organic content will encourage water to drain away from the roots, protecting the plant against root rot while ensuring it gets all of the moisture and nutrients it needs. Use a tray of moist, well-draining soil and sit the seeds on top, lightly pressing them into the soil. Fuji – pink, white, blue blossoms on 2- to 3-foot plants. Another option is to prune back stems after the flower, as this will encourage a bushier pattern the following season and prevent stems from becoming so tall (University of Illinois Extension). The Misato Purple flower is a deeper purple than other varieties and is rather late to bloom in spring. Apoyama– a 10- to 15-inch-tall dwarf with upright habit and violet flowers. The blooms of this plant are commonly known as balloon flowers because of the way the buds swell up like balloons, and then seemingly burst into starry bell-shaped flowers. Especially good choice for containers, rock gardens or for edging. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Be careful not to cover the seeds over with soil or press them in too deep, as they need light in order to germinate. Although open flowers were not present in huge quantities at any time, floral produc-tion over the course of the bloom period was quite good. The height goes up to 24 inches, and the spacing between plants should be a minimum of 12 to optimize and promote growth. It is the commonly occurring namul vegetable and a main ingredient in the dish bibimbap. The plant will begin blooming during late July or early Au… The cultivars are available in other colors, double flowers, and shorter stemmed varieties. The soil, water, and sun needs are similar to other cultivars, and it is also deer resistant and perennial. Alternately, prune as indicated above to encourage shorter growth at the time of flowering. Platycodon grandiflorus 'Mariesii' (Balloon flower 'Mariesii') will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.45m after 2-5 years. Balloon flowers (Platycodon grandiflorus) are named because their bloom starts out looking like a purple, white or blue balloon, then it pops open to a wide bloom. These beautiful, colorful, very useful flowers are also called Chinese bellflowers, and they belong to the bellflower family Campanulaceae native to East Asian countries, including China, Korea, and Japan. Some stems may need to be staked to prevent them from falling over when flowering, as stems tend not to be very strong and become more likely to bend over the taller they get. Balloon flowers are hardy perennial in the campanula family. These are double flowers that can survive quite well in warm weathers but cannot stand a frost. They work well in containers and also as cut flowers in bouquets. The unopened flowers of platycodons resemble hot-air balloons, for which they are named. Called dojari in Korean language, the plant and its roots are used abundantly in cooking. ‘Hakone Blue’ variety has bright blue double flowers that can grow alone or in clusters on top of stems. Deer Food Plot Seed. In Koran medicine, the plant is considered a treatment for respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diabetes, and other inflammatory diseases. The plants will not need too much watering and can even manage short periods of drought. Sometimes, balloon flowers are also added to rice to give it a sweet-smelling flavor. The most exotic Balloon Flower yet, Komachi resembles a mass of blue umbrellas seen from above, something like Renoir's famous painting Les Parapluies. Twelve balloon flower cultivars received high ratings for their strong habits, gener-ally upright stems, and good floral displays. Other flowers that can accompany it are baby’s breath, sedum, and other drought-tolerant species. It flowers best in full sun, but will also thrive in morning sun and afternoon shade (and may actually do better there in warmer areas). The ‘Misato Purple’ Platycodon flower is an exciting dwarf form of this reliable plant. Soil quality and substrate Regarding the beetle and the substrate in the bucket or balcony box, a platycodon should be quickly satisfied. Bee Plant Seed. Dependably perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 through 8, balloon flower tolerates both extreme cold and scorching summer heat. Cultivars / Varieties: 'Astra Blue' 'Astra Blue' Tags: #white #showy flowers #full sun tolerant #blue #perennial #summer flowers #deer resistant #spring interest #partial shade tolerant #HS302 Add. Balloon flowers get their name from the unopened buds, which swell up prior to opening and resemble little hot-air balloons. Source: Chicago Botanical Garden Balloon flowers seeds-Mix-Chinese Bellflower (Jie-Geng)-Platycodon Grandiflorus (100 Seeds) $2.49 $ 2. 49. Along with the ease with which they grow, the plants are easy to cater to and require minimal upkeep. You can deadhead the spent flowers if you wish, as this will encourage more flowers to bloom and result in a longer flowering season. However, the version currently sung is considered to be from the Gyeonggi Province since the rhythm and melody have tweaked to acquire different characteristics. Pinching back stems will result in more growth at the base and a bushier looking plant. best for cut flowers. Platycodon grandiflorus commonly known as Korean bellflower, Chinese bellflower, Japanese bellflower, common balloon flower, or balloon flower and Blue balloon flower is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae that includes bellflower and lobelia, and the only member of the genus Platycodon. Their namesake is the white, pink or blue flower bud that slowly puff sup like a hot air balloon. The plant would prefer to be in slightly acidic soil, ranging between 6 and 7 pH, though it will tolerate alkaline or neutral soil as well. The star-like arrangement of the flower petals gives way to local folklore and superstition, while also adding to its symbolic value in arts and culture. Platycodon grandiflorus (from Ancient Greek πλατύς "wide" and κώδων "bell") is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae, and the only member of the genus Platycodon. When properly cared for, most varieties of balloon flowers will grow to be about two feet tall and about one foot wide, though dwarf varieties tend to be about half that size. In its native lands, it is grown extensively for its famed medicinal properties that are said to treat respiratory diseases. Each flower has five points and measures between two and three inches across. They're a good choice to start from seed. Because of these extraordinary qualities, balloon flowers have long been used in Chinese and Korean traditional medicine. This is a dwarf form of the plant with a deep purple color and rich veination. Do not expect all of your seedlings to survive the move, so grow more than you need initially. Some desserts are also prepared with the help of bellflowers; one of the common ones in Korea is the doraji-jeonggwa. Some parts of this plant are toxic, namely the roots and the basal leaves. Snails and slugs feast on the foliage of plants, leaving unsightly holes in your plant's leaves and negatively affecting their health. In China, the bellflower is used as a cough suppressant, a treatment for sore throat and tonsillitis, and is often used to prevent allergies such as asthma. It blooms later in spring than some other varieties but compensates by being easy to grow and with a rich, long bloom period. There are ways you can naturally deter these pests from inhabiting your balloon flowers, such as planting garlic or chives nearby, which are slug and snail repellents. The compounds and extracts yielded by this plant may have antimicrobial properties; they are also said to be anti-cancer, anti-allergenic, and anti-inflammatory amongst other things. To allow this to happen, you need to refrain from deadheading the flowers as this is where the seeds are. In popular culture, Platycodon is a symbol of friendship, and it can also symbolize eternal love and purity of spirit. You will need to take care as balloon flowers have particularly delicate root systems, which, although fleshy, can be very easily damaged. In Japan, the flower appears as a symbol on the coat of arms of members from important families, while practitioners of Wiccan witchcraft see a pentagram in the flower and use it in rituals. Full sun is best for this plant, especially if you want it to produce an abundance of flowers. Balloon flower is a not a fragile face in the crowd, but a sturdy-stemmed beauty that stands up to repeated deep pruning for a compact and manageable form. These flowers are not hard to care for though they have some toxicity problems that you need to know. The flowers are reliable bloomers and are available in white and various shades of blue and violet. A dwarf form perfect for containers or rock gardens. 50. Once seedlings have developed, you can thin them out, moving the strongest among them to slightly larger pots to allow their roots to spread and gain strength. This dwarf variety grows to a maximum of just 8 inches tall, making it perfect for growing in container pots on the patio or as bedding, edging, or a border plant. Cultivation. Balloon flowers are mostly disease-free. Balloon Flower Seeds. Its small stature means that unlike many balloon flowers, it won’t need to be staked, yet still produces large, vibrant blue star-shaped flowers of up to three inches in diameter. If you are opposed to staking plants, an alternative method would be to clump plants together so that they can support each other. across (5-7 cm), adorned with 5 broad, pointed lobes that form a star shape. The biggest problem to look for is snails and slugs, which will make the plant unsightly as they eat on it. Its many analgesic, sedative, and fever-reducing properties also add to its value as a meal If taken regularly, ingesting the compounds from balloon flowers can help in maintaining blood pressure and boosting the immune system to protect against disease threats. Using balloon flower seeds is very simple to do, but dividing the plants can be a bit trickier. Clover Seeds. The leaves are dentate and lance-shaped, and the plant blooms at an extended length of time. The soil requirements are not many, but a slightly acidic soil is preferred. The simple beauty of the flower makes it charming for every culture. ‘Platycodon’ is derived from Greek, with ‘platys’ meaning ‘broad,’ and ‘kodon’ meaning ‘bell.’ ‘Grandiflorus’ literally translates to large flowers. Ornamental varieties produce rounded flowers in several colors, including rosy purple. Usually, unflavored hard alcohol is added that has a minimum 30% ABV as a base. Your platycodon may be slow to emerge in the springtime. Despite being a single species, cultivars of balloon flowers are made to tweak their color and design to add to its aesthetic. These wonderful flowers have a balloon-like appearance when they bud from flower seed. The flowers of this variety are slightly smaller than other balloon flowers, typically measuring two inches across, and appearing in a vibrant shade of blue with some darker blue veining. The buds of this variety appear as puffed up white balloons, which transform into star-shaped flared flowers. Are you ready to get festive by growing your own balloon flowers? The ‘Fuji Blue’ variety of the Platycodon species is a reliable bloomer that is free from pests and diseases. Allow them to naturally drop to the ground when they are ready, and you should see a handful of new balloon flowers emerging next spring. The root is prepared by rubbing it with sea salt after soaking and washing it; this gets rid of the bitter taste that gave rise to myths about its toxicity. The flowers stay in a perpetual balloon form and make a satisfying popping sound when pressed. The process of cultivation, however, is relatively easier than growing other plants and blooms stronger in the summer. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? The Platycodon contains one species, and this is commonly grown in the garden; it goes by the common names of Balloon Flower or Bellflower.. The folk song originally came from the Hwanghae Province. The plant originates from East Asia, but this variety, in particular, is well suited to North American gardens. The flowers have five lobes that have a thick rubbery texture and are arranged in the shape of a star around another star-shaped filament arrangement. Fuji series are the most common varieties sold in nurseries. You should spread them out to about a foot apart, and if you are lucky, you should have flowers greeting you within the season. The cultivars usually change in ornamental characteristics but can also sometimes switch other traits. All Products. Platycodon Grandiflora Balloon flower seeds are available in blue, white, and rose. Balloon flowers are clump-forming perennials with alternate leaves of light green on stems that usually grow between one and three feet tall. The pure blue flowers of balloon flower are a welcome sight in the late summer. If you want to get a head start on growing these plants, you can sow the seeds indoors in early spring. They bloom profusely throughout the summer, sitting on top of tall stems in clusters of flowers, with serrated foliage below. Germination should occur within two weeks. For their simple five-pointed inflorescence, these flowers are a favorite as garden ornaments and are often found blooming in parks and flower beds. Typically, they can be found in growing zones three through nine, which covers the majority of the United States. Balloon Flower: USDA Zone: 3-9: Plant number: 1.425.450. The leaves are lance-shaped, and the flowers bloom throughout the summer with minimal upkeep. Balloon flower grows 12 to 20 inches high and looks great in rock gardens, mixed borders, or cutting gardens. Plant in light, loamy, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or part shade. When planting, make sure to barely cover the seeds with soil and allow them some full sun, and some partial shade. Suggested uses. Let us know if you have any questions by leaving us a comment, and don’t forget to share this page with other interested growers! Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. They can range from blue and pink to white, and can be cultivated to be as small as 6 inches high, and as tall as 24 inches. The exception to this is slugs and snails, which can sometimes cause problems for the plant. Here in this article, we'll go over this beautiful plant in great details. Kids love to press on the flowers once fully inflated to see and hear them pop open. The flower is commonly termed the balloon flower because of its balloon-like bud structure. This is a low-maintenance plant that doesn’t necessarily require pruning. The plant is deer-resistant, mostly disease-resistant, and is not frequently a victim of insect infestations. It grows to around 20 inches tall, making it an impressive height but still small enough to not require the stems to be staked. It does not cope well with being moved, and as it is a smaller variety, it would be best grown directly in the container, which will also be its final home. Apoyama, is an erect and clump forming perennial. Cultivation. There are several varieties of balloon flowers, including: Platycodon grandiflorus Astra series: These have double flowers with 10 petals in blue, pink, or white. Recommended Varieties of Balloon Flowers Astra series have double flowers in blue, pink or white. 2. Balloon flowers (Platycodon grandiflorus) live up to their names, with the buds appearing to inflate before they burst open to … If you live in a hot climate, you should position this plant so that it receives morning sun but is sheltered in the afternoon from the intense heat. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. Apoyama Misato Purple. However, you can prune it if you wish to train it to grow in a particular way. The flower and its roots have much nutritious value since they contain calcium, fiber, iron, proteins, and several minerals and vitamins. Spent flowers develop into seeds, some of which will be dispersed and settle into the soil where they will grow into new plants. Sit back, and enjoy your plant slowly flower and blossom before summer is over. E.g. Balloon flowers grow well from seed and can be sown anytime within the growing season. Here are some common varieties of the species. Even the simple star-like petal pattern can be changed into a complex ten-petal one producing ‘double’ varieties. The flavorful root can also be used to infuse distilled alcohol called soju. It grows to around 20 inches tall, making it an impressive height but still small enough to not require the stems to be staked. However, some other parts of the plant are edible and can be used in soups or for flavoring (Plants for a Future). Once the final frost has passed, you can transplant the seedlings outside to their final positions. If you plan on growing these fun flowers in your garden, the seeds need to be directly sown in the soil during the early spring months. It asks little in the way of water once established, and while it loves to self-sow, well-chosen planting locations and adequate deadheading can minimize the effects of its exuberance. Cover Crop Seed. These plants form clumps on the ground, so they can also serve well as ground cover in flower beds. Vigorous and floriferous, Platycodon grandiflorus 'Fuji Blue' (Balloon Flower) is a compact herbaceous perennial which produces an abundance of bell-shaped, flaring, deep blue flowers, up to 2.5 in. The flower still has the trademark balloon-shaped buds of genus Platycodon. They're the tallest, too, reaching heights of 30 inches with flowers in blue, pink or white. Although they are usually purple, they are often mixed with other species to produce several cultivars that can range from pink to white and blue. The balloon flower has become incredibly popular in American gardens due to its impressive hardiness, low maintenance needs, and the surprising flowers it produces. FREE Shipping on your first order shipped by Amazon. A ring support or stakes may be necessary to maintain their upright position. The seeds may or may not be kept covered; you need only dampen the area of plantation, and within a couple of weeks, a sprout will be visible. However, slugs and snails need to be watched out for as these can sometimes cause a problem for the plant. These plants will maintain their bloomings healthy and open if you provide them with bright and direct sunlight, warm temperatures, loamy soil that is rich in organic matter, and regular watering to keep the soil damp. Growing balloon flowers with children can be quite fun. These balloon flowers are another dwarf variety that grows up to 8 inches in height. The cultivars usually change in ornamental characteristics but can also sometimes switch other traits. Balloon flower does best in full sun but some afternoon shade in the hottest zones is also preferable since it prefers cooler summer temperatures. There have been botanical studies comparing the different types of cultivars, their sustainability, and their popularity. Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Gravel, Rock. To keep the plant from getting leggy, you can trim the stems back by just a few inches, though be sure to do this after flowering has occurred to prevent inadvertently disturbing the flower production. Get it as soon as Thu, Oct 1. There are a number of varieties of this carefree perennial. Balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorus) is one of those fun plants to grow in the garden with kids. The plant is deer resistant and grows well in most warm climates. It can tolerate temperatures exceeding 8 0ºF but will need some protection during the hottest part of the day. It is usually happy in any well-drained soil but prefers loam. 3. It is widely used as a condiment in Japanese food and is one of the seven special herbs that are used to prepare sake, a Japanese alcoholic beverage. Balloon flowers come in numerous cultivars, giving you the opportunity to fill your garden with the varieties that you like best. Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon flower) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.. This plant should be grown in well-draining loamy soil because it enjoys a good amount of moisture but does not like to be sitting in soggy soil. The plant is native to slopes and meadows in East Asia … They are typically planted in fall and bloom in spring and summer. This variety is cultivated usually because of its pest-free nature instead of its aesthetic, and it is the most commonly found one in gardens and flower beds. Balloon Flower Seeds - Top Three Platycodon Grandiflora Varieties. Despite its name, it is vaguely purple in color and a bit transparent, which makes the petals more textured. for 1+3, enter 4. The Komachi variety is a specially designed cultivar. Allium is a family of plants that includes onions, chives, and garlic. How to Grow Platycodon Plants Guide to Growing Balloon Flower / Bellflowers. $5.49 shipping. 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