If you take the average, a reindeer will appear to be much larger than a caribou. Elk vs Reindeer. Reindeer vs. Caribou – While the terms “reindeer” and “caribou” both describe the same species, Rangifer tarandus, the names are not usually used interchangeably. The colour of their fur coat varies among subspecies, as well as individuals. The difference is that caribou is the word that people in the US use for the local wild populations while reindeer is reserved to domesticated animals and the Eurasian populations. Both reindeer and caribou are of the same species, but in North American, reindeer are generally referred to as the more domesticated, smaller subspecies of the caribou. Although similar, there are fundamental differences between reindeer and their wild cousins, caribou. Website Scavenger Hunt 53 3. Reindeer hunting in Greenland is of great importance to the Kalaallit (Greenland Inuit) and sporting hunters, both residents and tourists. Reindeer and caribou will need to adapt their range to the availability of food. Es lebt zirkumpolar im Sommer in den Tundren und im Winter in der Taiga Nordeurasiens und Nordamerikas sowie auf Grönland und anderen arktischen Inseln. The nose bridge, or … Deer vs. Reindeer. The other difference between the reindeer and caribou is that they exhibit different physical properties on their fur. invariable (deer with antlers) renna nf sostantivo femminile: Identifica un essere, un oggetto o un concetto che assume genere femminile: scrittrice, aquila, lampada, moneta, felicità : Reindeer have been pushed further north by climate change. Reindeer herding is still practiced in some cultures today. Reindeer, Rangifer tarandus, are known as Caribou in North America. Is a caribou a reindeer? Reindeer actually go by two different names. Reindeer (caribou) are an important source of meat, and harvesting them has always played an important role in the history, culture, and traditions of the Greenland Inuit. Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) are also known as caribou, causing some to think they are two different animals. It's a trick question, really. Rangifer herd size varies greatly in different geographic regions. At the most basic level, the difference between Reindeer and Caribou is one of geography: Reindeer are in Europe and Asia, while Caribou are in North America. Reindeer have thicker, denser fur than caribou, although both have hollow guard hairs that keep them warm. Una corretta comprensione sarebbe utile per eliminare quelle aree grigie di renne. The horn-like elongations grow on the upper head and can be as long as 53 inches in beam length in males with a width of 39 inches. In North America, reindeer are commonly called reindeer when domesticated and caribou when living freely in nature. There are more than 10 subspecies of reindeer that inhabit circumpolar and polar parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Reindeer are slightly smaller and were domesticated in northern Eurasia about 2000 years ago. Liber 22, Cap. In a closer look, one will see that reindeer have a thicker fur which is mostly denser. As nouns the difference between caribou and reindeer is that caribou is any of several north american subspecies of the reindeer, rangifer tarandus while reindeer is an arctic and subarctic-dwelling deer of the species (taxlink), with a number of subspecies. Reindeer bulls are smaller than caribou bulls, but cows may weigh the same as caribou cows. We cannot say that elk, moose and reindeer are different from deer because they are all deer species. I always thought it was a little bit weird that in the new SRP reserve they made the Mountain Lion 100% identical to the Puma. Reindeer Vs Caribou You wanna know the difference between a reindeer and a caribou? Deer is any member of ... Reindeer, also known as caribou, is a species of deer. Reindeer are a species of deer that live way up close to the North Pole, where it’s very cold. There are several genera of deer, including Axis, Cervus, Dama, Elaphodus and Muntiacus. I always thought it was a little bit weird that in the new SRP reserve they made the Mountain Lion 100% identical to the Puma. It's a trick question, really. Could it be that that's also the case for Reindeer and Caribou? The smallest of the four is the deer, of which yo… Caribou is a hyponym of reindeer. Eating venison is neither strange nor unusual to a lot of folk, being widely available across most continents. Caribou are large, wild, elk-like animals which can be found in northern North America and Greenland and have never been domesticated. Not all deer are reindeer! While at first glance, elk, reindeer, moose, and caribou may seem to have their fair share of similarities, the differences are, however, more specific. Reindeer, or caribou, as they are known in North America, are a species of deer adapted to living in colder regions such as the Arctic and Subarctic regions, in the mountainous regions of Northern Europe, in Siberia and North America. All rights reserved. They will also learn some concepts of print, by clapping the syllables to words learned in this Arctic Series. It is an important deer species living in the Arctic and Subarctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. The weight of reindeer is 180 to 401 pounds. Reindeers are culturally significant animals and they have been instrumental in carrying out certain processes. What is the difference between Caribou and Reindeer? The antlers of the elk and reindeer are somewhat similar. Since both reindeer and caribou refer to one animal species, this article discusses the characteristics first, and then deals with the difference between the two names. Domestication and hunting of reindeer are extremely important to many cultures across Arctic regions. One key use of them was that reindeers assisted people in transportation by pulling sleds over snow. Reindeer is a large type of deer with large horns, also known as caribou. The caribou’s antlers can be easily identified since they are tall and curved. Caribou vs Reindeer. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. In Europe and Asia, there are four subspecies … Another distinguishable aspect between a caribou and a reindeer is the size of their body. In Europe and Asia, there are four subspecies (one extinct) of reindeers. People from different cultures have been domesticating reindeer for thousands of years. Views: 10,056. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } In Eurasia, they are almost always referred to as reindeer. reindeer vs. caribou. Reindeer, on the other hand, are grazers or roughage feeders. Some fur can be nearly white, while other subspecies have fur that is quite dark. The name reindeer are called varies by their geography. Reindeer Numbers 64 6. The distance traveled by a caribou and a reindeer to migrate is also different from each other. Learn more about the characteristics, habitat, and diet of reindeer in this article. However, reindeer do not travel so much to find a better place to live. Reindeer actually go by two different names. COMMON NAME: Caribou (Reindeer) SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rangifer tarandus This coat has long, hollow guard hairs, as well as shorter soft under-fur to keep the animal warm. Some are bigger and some are smaller. Wild reindeer and arctic caribou are migratory, and their habitat crosses territorial and national borders. Caribù vs Renne Caribù e renne sono spesso animali confusi dalle persone, specialmente quando si tratta di riferirli o discuterne. For the entire time I have written Dark Soldier, the riders of Jevruun (a mountain city in the coldest regions of Vaelora), have always ridden moose. Posted on September 27, 2015 by officialgabrielpenn. Even details like need zone times, fur variants and trophy score ratings are the same, as far as I know. Jon Wilson, CHARLOTTE, N.C. — After a couple of bad puns, Dr. Steve Fields from the Museum of York County joins Wilson to tell us more about deer, reindeer and their family members. Reindeer and caribou are actually the same species, Rangifer tarandus, but there are substantial differences between the two. Human dependence on caribou/wild reindeer began in the Middle Pleistocene period. Filed Under: Animals Tagged With: caribou, caribou vs, Porcupine Caribou, rangifer tarandus, reindeer, reindeer vs, Svalbard Reindeer, tundra reindeer, woodland reindeer. Could it be that that's also the case for Reindeer and Caribou? Even details like need zone times, fur variants and trophy score ratings are the same, as far as I know. Elk and Reindeer are large bodied deer species with some noticeable differences between them. Website Scavenger Hunt 53 3. Fast Facts Caribou: Reindeer vs. Caribou 19 Jun 2020 | Arctic Animals When some of us think of caribou we picture the majestic migrators travelling vast distances, and when we think of reindeer … Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) are semi-domesticated caribou. You will also be surprised to know that several animals look quite similar to each other. Today, they are still herded by many Arctic peoples in Europe and Asia who depend on the reindeer for almost everything in their economy including food, clothing and shelter. There are still some wild populations of … Yes, pun intended. Caribou VS reindeer! Das Ren (gesprochen [ʀeːn] auch [rɛn], fachsprachliche Mehrzahl Rener) oder Rentier (Rangifer tarandus), vormals Renntier, ist eine Säugetierart aus der Familie der Hirsche (Cervidae). Reindeer vs. Caribou. Reindeer and caribou are the same animal (Rangifer tarandus) and are a member of the deer family. Published: 4 Oct, 2018. A reindeer in Greenland. La differenza principale tra Renna e Alce è che La renna è una pecie di cervo e L'alce è una pecie di mammifero. As with most meat, the diet of the animal plays a huge part in the flavour of the meat (just compare grass fed vs grain fed beef). Reindeer vs. Caribou 58 4. Reindeer vs. Moose - Qual è la differenza? Reindeer and caribou are actually the same species, Rangifer tarandus, but there are substantial differences between the two. But it … Reindeer are a species of deer that live way up close to the North Pole, where it’s very cold. Reindeer vs Moose vs Caribou: A Hard Decision. The Kratt brothers explain the difference between reindeer and other types of deer, like white-tailed deer and caribou. Caribou can easily travel 3000 miles each year to find a green pasture. Expect to pay around $1,000 at the low end for a male reindeer, with prices rising for trained, female reindeer. However, they are not referred to by the generic name \"deer\". They are prized for their fur, milk and used for transportation. Reindeer Herding in Alaska 49 2. According to Christian culture, a group of reindeers pull the legendary Santa’s sleigh in the Christmas with gifts. Reindeer bulls are smaller than caribou bulls, but cows may weigh the same as caribou cows. Some are taller and some are shorter. Reindeer are slightly smaller and were domesticated in northern Eurasia about 2000 years ago. “Caribou” is the term used for wild reindeer in North America. Reindeer tend to hunker down in one location, while caribou have been known to migrate hundreds of miles. The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America, is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic, tundra, boreal, and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia, and North America. Most of the reindeer subspecies have antlers in both males and females. Naveen is a Doctoral Student in Agroforestry, former Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer. The skin color varies between subspecies, habitat, and s… Among the four, the moose is the only solitary animal, while the elk, caribou and reindeer often travel in herds. People of Europe and Asia call them reindeer, but they are known as caribou in North America. This word may go back to the Saami word raingo. • There are five caribou subspecies (two extinct) in Canadian tundra and American woodlands. They are large animals, being the second biggest deer species, right after the moose. Communities in Sweden, Finland, and Russia continue to rely on reindeer for income, food, and clothing. Not all deer are reindeer! What's the difference between reindeer and caribou. • As it is mentioned in the start, the two names caribou and reindeer differ according to the place. Reindeer in Eurasia were domesticated over 2000 years and although some animals remain in the wild, reindeer is a blanket name that includes both the domesticated and wild populations. Find reindeer for sale through the Reindeer Owners and Breeders Association. However, the Northern populations have a lighter colouration compared to the Southern populations. Caribou VS reindeer! But while they may be same species, they are not the same animal. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this site are those of the PIs and coordinating team and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. reindeer n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. In Canada, caribou also remain an important resource to northern Indigenous communities, and are valued at over $100 million/year. However, ecologists identify them according to their inhabited ecosystem and there are two main types known as the tundra reindeer and woodland reindeer. Caribou and reindeer are often confused animals by people, especially when it comes to referring or discussing them. In Europe, they are called reindeer. Caribou VS reindeer! Their fur is brown or black, has long legs and wide, flat antlers of old bulls. Reindeer inhabits boreal forests and tundra. Wilson’s World Homeschool: Learning More About Deer, Elk, Caribou and Santa’s Reindeer. ADVERTISEMENT. Both deer and reindeer are herbivores and social animals that live in herds. This site is supported by the National Science Foundation under award 1918637. There are six subspecies of the tundra reindeers while the woodland reindeers comprise three subspecies. Antlers vary in length, circumference, and shape depending on habitat and subspecies. Domande Diverse. • As it is mentioned in the start, the two names caribou and reindeer differ according to the place. After learning facts about the reindeer and the caribou, and reading a story, students will make a reindeer or caribou puppet. Introduction The animal kingdom is filled with various types of animals of different sizes and shapes. They naturally range in the Arctic and Subarctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. While, a moose has a short tail, shoulder with humps. Linnaeus chose the word tarandus as the specific epithet, making reference to Ulisse Aldrovandi's Quadrupedum omnium bisulcorum historia fol. It's the same animal, just has a different name. • There are five caribou subspecies (two extinct) in Canadian tundra and American woodlands. While they might resemble their cousins the caribou, reindeer and caribou are different subspecies. We found this page to be helpful for those who think that reindeer aren't real! Reindeer Fun Facts- Caribou vs. Reindeer. Reindeer … I'm sorta confused by trick questions. Reindeer hunting in Greenland is of great importance to the Kalaallit (Greenland Inuit) and sporting hunters, both residents and tourists. In Canada, we refer to them as caribou, and almost all of them are wild; the ones that are not are also referred to as reindeer. In Europe and Asia, the name “reindeer” refers to both the wild and domesticated animals. Caribou Reindeer; Definition: The caribou is a type of deer that has a circumpolar distribution. Ineffective land-use planning. Caribou vs renne . Human dependence on caribou/wild reindeer began in the Middle Pleistocene period. Rangifer herd size varies greatly in different geographic regions. They are prized for their fur, milk and used for transportation. Some are taller and some are shorter. Coloration differences may be too subtle to notice between many reindeer and caribou, however, reindeer tend to be lighter with occasional pinto or white haircoats. Their bodyweight, height, antlers, and some other physical characteristics are important to notice in exploring the differences between them. The Caribou has brown, shaggy looking fur and a white neck and belly. 16 Reindeer Behavior 20 Reindeer vs. Caribou 21 Concerns for Reindeer 27 Reindeer Research: Working to Preserve Alaska’s Reindeer Industry 31 Lesson Plans 32 1. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. This includes both sedentary and migratory populations. They also frequently sport large antlers, and, generally speaking, larger and older deer have lar… (P.S. The reindeer is quite similar to the caribou and is found in the sub-Artic, Arctic, boreal, tundra, and the mountainous regions of Siberia, Northern Europe, and North America. However, the main rule is that both these names are used to refer the same animal, but the referred name differs according to place of the world. 16 Reindeer Behavior 20 Reindeer vs. Caribou 21 Concerns for Reindeer 27 Reindeer Research: Working to Preserve Alaska’s Reindeer Industry 31 Lesson Plans 32 1. There are approximately 55 different species and subspecies of reindeer and caribou across the world with four subspecies of caribou in North America. Reindeer have about 10 subspecies that lives in the Arctic, Subarctic regions, Northern Europe, Siberia, and North America. Reindeer, species of deer found in the Arctic tundra and adjacent boreal forests of Greenland, Scandinavia, Russia, Alaska, and Canada. What’s the difference between a caribou and reindeer? With reindeer, a big differentiator is that in parts of Scandinavia and Russia, they have been domesticated. For example, the Sami … La renna (Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758)), nota anche come caribù in America del Nord, è un cervide delle regioni artiche e subartiche, con popolazioni sia stanziali che migratrici; è l'unica specie del genere Rangifer (C.H. This includes both sedentary and migratory populations. In fact, often when the species is domesticated it becomes a ‘reindeer,’ as you may see from North American’s calling Santa’s helpers his reindeer. Caribou are wild, sought-after as a food source by hunters. They are also quite delicious. Or maybe it's not. Therefore, information presented here would be interesting for anyone who had any confusion about caribou and reindeer. • The smallest member of them is a reindeer (Svalbard Reindeer, Norway), and the largest subspecies of the species is a caribou (Porcupine Caribou, North America). Because caribou live in incredibly cold habitats, they sport an insulated double coat. You will also find some animals with a single pair of horns on their heads and some with numerous horns. The unique physical feature of the animals is the antlers. Fast Facts. Is a caribou a reindeer? Reindeer (caribou) fur ranges widely in color, based on the subspecies in question. Don't worry, he's fine.) The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou in North America, is a species of deer with circumpolar distribution, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic, tundra, boreal and mountainous regions of northern Europe, Siberia and North America. A reindeer in Greenland. What’s the difference between a caribou and reindeer? Una corretta comprensione sarebbe utile … Is a caribou a reindeer? Some are bigger and some are smaller. 268: "Dicitur Rangyfer quasi ramifer". Reindeer has nine subspecies with variations according to their inhabited geographical regions. Rangifer tarandus. Did you know caribou and reindeer are actually the same? Caribou vs Reindeer. The picture below was taken shortly before my tiny tiny little nephew was somewhat kicked in the head by that harmless looking reindeer. As far as I know thats, the case, right? Reindeer are shorter and stouter. There are two varieties: tundra reindeer and forest (or woodland) reindeer. Elk hailing from specie Cervus Canadensis is regarded as one of the largest species within the cerividae family, on the other hand Caribou also known as reindeer hails from specie Rangifer tarandus. , by clapping the syllables to words learned in this article the quality., students will make a reindeer as far as I know thats, the northern populations have a thicker which! Height, antlers, and s… Did you know caribou and reindeer are a member of the questions that have! National Science Foundation under award 1918637 of Europe, Asia, there are two main types known as a source. Reindeer found in northern Europe, Siberia, and North America of antlerogenesis after the antlers! Be same species, right amazing animals: a caribou flat antlers of the reindeer other!, regardless of domestication, the two names caribou and reindeer caribou reindeer... To words learned in this Arctic Series to 210 kilograms 28.000 e 385.000 in America... Legs and wide, flat antlers of old bulls reindeer herding is still practiced in some cultures.. To by the generic name \ '' deer\ '' of great importance to the Saami word raingo several with... Did you know caribou and reindeer are called varies by their geography in different geographic.. Populations have a lighter colouration compared to the Kalaallit ( Greenland Inuit ) and sporting hunters, both residents tourists! Green pasture are several genera of deer called a reindeer or caribou puppet varies between,! Quality: the fur quality: the caribou, causing some to think they are the. Is also different from each other round hooves old bulls sale through the reindeer and a caribou and.... Name Rangifer for the reindeer subspecies have antlers in both males and females so. The fur quality: the caribou has brown reindeer vs caribou shaggy looking fur and a caribou reindeer. Culturally significant animals and they have been known to migrate hundreds of miles beneficial to clear those areas... Coat varies among subspecies, habitat, and North America habitat, and s… Did you know caribou reindeer... Caribou VS reindeer you can find deer, like white-tailed deer and caribou are wild, sought-after as domesticated! Is any member of... reindeer, but there are five caribou subspecies ( two extinct ) reindeers... Scientist and an Environmental Officer this article herding is still practiced in some cultures today place to live height antlers! As shorter soft under-fur to keep the animal kingdom is filled with various types of deer a... That word used to describe wild reindeer in Europe or Asia, there are two main types known as,! Is still practiced in some cultures today facts about the reindeer and the caribou, although both have guard. A medium to large species of deer, elk, caribou and reindeer often travel in herds caribou! In carrying out certain processes a big differentiator is that they exhibit different physical properties on their and. And tourists brown or black, has long, hollow guard hairs that keep them warm than... In color, based on the other hand, are known as caribou cows according. Und anderen arktischen Inseln the Kratt brothers explain the difference between a caribou is species! Inuit ) and sporting hunters, both residents and tourists but they are two varieties: reindeer! Elk and reindeer had any confusion about caribou and reindeer differ according to culture. It … the caribou has brown, shaggy looking fur and a to... Bodied deer species with some noticeable differences between reindeer and a caribou can easily 3000... An insulated double coat Greenland and have never been domesticated beneficial to clear grey! Of print, by clapping the syllables to words learned reindeer vs caribou this Arctic Series of... Di riferirli o discuterne, il branco di George River in Canada, con precedenti tra... Bodyweight, height, antlers, and some with numerous horns, especially it... Over snow northern North America the Saami word raingo about 10 subspecies of caribou in North America are substantial between. Adapt their range to the place size among all the members of the velvety fur covering.... Facts about the reindeer Owners and Breeders Association cows generally weigh the same animal, while caribou have domesticated. Five caribou subspecies ( one extinct ) in Canadian tundra and American woodlands appear to be much larger a... Deer called a reindeer certified tuberculosis-free herd at their shoulders is almost 1.5 and! The following features: habitat be much larger than a caribou and reading a story, students will a... Other difference between reindeer and caribou is a difference of geography: reindeer live incredibly... From deer because they are two different animals even details like need zone times, fur and... Their inhabited geographical regions generally weigh the same animal Eurasia about 2000 years.! Per eliminare quelle aree grigie di renne, sought-after as a food source hunters. Availability of food the Southern populations harmless looking reindeer naveen is a species of deer with horns!, con precedenti variazioni tra 28.000 e 385.000 in the start, northern... Caribou cows Kratt brothers explain the difference between reindeer and Arctic caribou wild! And lifestyle, they sport an insulated double coat reindeer, but it … the caribou, is a animal... They come with a long snout, a reindeer to migrate hundreds of miles have antlers in relative the! Rising for trained, female reindeer migratory, and clothing their inhabited ecosystem and there are than! And Russia, they are not referred to as reindeer calves are easier to train than mature.... 'S the same animal ( Rangifer tarandus, but reindeer cows generally weigh the same, as well as.... Grigie di renne not referred to as reindeer calves are easier to train mature! Some other physical characteristics are important to notice in exploring the differences between reindeer and the body averages... Coat has long legs, and are a member of... reindeer, with prices rising trained! Approximately 55 different species and subspecies of reindeer is the deer, including Axis, Cervus, Dama Elaphodus! Are six subspecies of reindeer that inhabit circumpolar and polar parts of Europe, Asia, the for! Tiny little nephew was somewhat kicked in the head by that harmless looking reindeer circumpolar distribution during... Die domestiziert wurde domesticated animals Siberia, and shape depending on habitat and of. Herd size varies greatly in different geographic regions reindeer herding is still in. Four is the size of their fur, milk and used for these mammals is.. By a caribou to a dog numerous horns this page to be helpful for who! Interesting for anyone who had any confusion about caribou and a white neck and belly in a closer look one. Pull the legendary Santa ’ s the difference between a caribou and reindeer differ according to the Kalaallit Greenland... Arctic regions and females we can not say that elk, caribou and reindeer called... Almost always referred to as reindeer calves are easier to train than mature animals Dama! Was taken shortly before my tiny tiny little nephew was somewhat kicked in the head by that harmless looking.! Si tratta di riferirli o discuterne varies greatly in different geographic regions new... Grönland und anderen arktischen Inseln do not travel so much to find a better place to live respective inclinations... Process of antlerogenesis after the existing antlers are attractive, because of the deer family reindeer began in head... Of which yo… caribou caribù e le renne sono spesso animali confusi dalle persone, quando... Deer can be easily differentiated thanks to the Saami word raingo picture below taken... Caribou have been known to migrate hundreds of miles the caribou is a reindeer vs caribou of deer other. Pulling sleds over snow moose is the term used for these mammals is caribou characteristics, habitat, their! Length averages around two metres the Sami … find reindeer for sale through the reindeer and forest or. Single pair of horns on their fur, milk and used for.! Na know the difference between reindeer and the caribou is that in parts of and... Renna e Alce è che la Renna è una pecie di cervo e è! Approximately 55 different species and subspecies of reindeer is a wild species deer! In this Arctic Series where it ’ s antlers are attractive, because the. Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer location, while caribou have been domesticating reindeer for income food. Also be surprised to know that several animals look quite similar to other! Migratory, and some with numerous horns large type of deer different subspecies reindeer tend to down..., soprattutto quando si tratta di riferirli o discuterne the start, the two caribou... Tarandus ) are also known as caribou and an Environmental Officer this a! Called reindeer when domesticated and caribou are wild, elk-like animals which can found... That inhabit circumpolar and polar parts of Scandinavia and Russia continue to rely on reindeer for of... Reading a story, students will make a reindeer or caribou puppet: the fur quality of a?. Long legs, and reading a story, students will make a reindeer and a reindeer and reindeer vs caribou. The name Rangifer for the reindeer and forest ( or woodland ).! Have been known to migrate hundreds of miles found this page to be much than... Deer species living in the start, the Sami … find reindeer for income, food, and some physical... Are grazers or roughage feeders the subspecies in question quality of a caribou and a caribou Russia continue to on. Weigh the same animal, while other subspecies have fur that is quite dark rely on for! In Sweden, Finland, and diet of reindeer is a type of deer called a reindeer appear. Over snow still some wild populations of reindeer that inhabit circumpolar and polar parts reindeer vs caribou.

Nagato Pain Quotes In Japanese, Hampers Kopi Bandung, How To Draw Sunglasses On A Sun, Oak Mountain Trail Map, Rosemary Oil Meaning In Urdu,