About a quarter of them died during Japanese captivity. ABERCROMBIE, monitor, Dardanelles 1915/16. Two years service. Escorted by six American and three Dutch destroyers, the force departed that afternoon. Select Language. The Japanese attacks were almost entirely ineffectual, with no ship reporting anything more than shrapnel damage. HMS Exeter. Just as his leading ships were entering harbour, he received reports of enemy ships 90 miles (140 km) to the north and Doorman ordered his ships to turn about to intercept them. [59] Encounter and Pope were also lost; Encounter approximately fifteen minutes after Exeter, while Pope temporarily survived the initial melee, only to be sunk by several B5Ns a couple of hours later. Consequently, the bridge was lowered (that of York being tall to give a view over the intended aircraft), and was of a streamlined, enclosed design that was incorporated into later cruisers. [14], At the outbreak of the Second World War, she formed part of the South American Division with the heavy cruiser Cumberland, under Commodore Henry Harwood. HMS Exeter is portrayed fighting her last battle on 1st March 1942, after being trapped by Japanese forces in the Java Sea. He was in service during the Battle of the Rio de la Plata (that is the way crew members of the HMS Exeter referred to what I see written in English as the River Plate, and sometimes erroneously as other names). She served in the Falklands War and the Gulf War, and was in service until she was decommissioned on 27 May 2009. While passing through the strait, the Dutch destroyer Van Ghent struck a rock in poor visibility and another Dutch destroyer was tasked to take off her crew. Marine (Royal Marines) Binns, William H. [58] Now defenseless[62] as no guns could train or traverse, and wanting to save as many lives as he could, and to avoid the ships 'capture' by the Japanese forces, Captain Gordon ordered the ship to be scuttled. 1st Commission Certificates; 1st Commission Photographs; 1st Commission Concert Party ... Ted Wicks & John Garrard HMS Ajax & Basil Trott & Jim London HMS Exeter. [46], Aware of Doorman's movements, the Japanese commander, Rear Admiral Takeo Takagi, detached the convoy's two escorting destroyer flotillas, each consisting of a light cruiser and seven destroyers, to intercept the Allied ships in conjunction with his own pair of heavy cruisers (Nachi and Haguro) which were escorted by a pair of destroyers. [68] Of these men, 152 died in Japanese captivity. She was rebuilt to carry 58 guns in 1744 and was broken up in 1763. [5] The ship's complement was 628 officers and ratings. After eight salvos from Exeter, Admiral Graf Spee scored a direct hit on 'B' turret that knocked it out of action and shrapnel from the hit killed all of the bridge personnel except three. They engaged Asagumo and Minegumo at close range as they closed. ABOUKIR, cruiser, … The Standard is being dedicated on the same day and there is a large ceremonial parade and service in Exeter Cathedral to mark the occasion. The HMS Exeter is one of the best known British warships of the Second World War. [42] The attacks continued as 27 G3Ms of the Mihoro Air Group then bombed from high altitude. Another group of six B5Ns attacked without effect at 11:30. [39] During this time, in early 1942, Exeter was attached to the newly formed ABDA Command,[28] (American-British-Dutch-Australian Command) which came into being in early January in Singapore, but soon shifted its headquarters to Java in the Dutch East Indies (present day Indonesia). The ship sheered out of line to avoid another torpedo and slowed, followed by all of the trailing cruisers. [65] Sensing a kill the Japanese destroyers closed in and fired torpedoes, two of which (out of a total of 18 fired by Japanese combatants) from the destroyer Inazuma,[66] hit the ship – starboard amidships, and starboard just forward of A Turret – (as confirmed when the wreck was first discovered in 2007)[67] As a result Exeter rapidly righted herself,[65] paused briefly, and then capsized to starboard. For some reason, two Japanese destroyers continued to close before firing their torpedoes at 6,500 yards (5,900 m) and Encounter and Electra pulled out of line to counter-attack. In return, allied anti-aircraft fire was moderately effective with most of the attacking bombers damaged by shrapnel. Exeter was escorted by one Dutch and all three British destroyers in one group and the other cruisers and the American destroyers formed the other group. They claimed to have made two hits on the Jupiter, but actually they missed the British destroyer. HMS Exeter was one of three Allied warships that sank the powerful German battleship Graf Spee at the Battle of the River Plate, off the Atlantic … The British doctrine on how to engage ships like the Admiral Graf Spee had been developed by Harwood in 1936 and specified that the British force act as two divisions. Exeter was generally assigned to escorting convoys to and from Singapore during the Malayan Campaign, and she continued on those duties in early February 1942 as the Japanese prepared to invade the Dutch East Indies. The final attack was made by 17 Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" bombers of the Kanoya Air Group shortly before dark. The lower deck over the machinery spaces and steering gear had a thickness of 1.5 inches (38 mm). Age18. [12], Exeter, the fourth ship of her name to serve in the Royal Navy,[13] was laid down on 1 August 1928, launched on 18 July 1929 and completed on 27 July 1931. The ship had an overall length of 575 feet 1 inch (175.3 m), a beam of 58 feet (17.7 m)[2] and a draught of 17 feet (5.2 m) light load [3] and 20 feet 3 inches (6.2 m)[4] deep load. Under Sir Edward Hughes, Exeter's action were heroic against the French Commodore Suffren's fleet of twelve ship of the line and three frigates, just north of Trincomalee. The pole masts were replaced by stronger tripod masts because the Type 279 early-warning radar had separate transmitting and receiving aerials, one at each masthead. Banthorp, Gordon J. [53] Perth laid a smoke screen to protect Exeter[54] and the Allied ships sorted themselves into separate groups as they attempted to disengage. HMS Cumberland was a County-class heavy cruiser of the Royal Navy that saw action during the Second World War. After her repairs were completed, the ship spent most of 1941 on convoy escort duties before she was transferred to the Far East after the start of the Pacific War in December. They were followed shortly afterwards by a group of 23 Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" bombers from the Genzan Air Group that inflicted no damage as they dropped their bombs from high altitude. Meanwhile, the Exeter continued south to Surabaya, escorted by Encounter and the Dutch destroyer Witte de With. Her beam was increased by one foot (30 cm) to compensate for increases in topweight, and her boiler uptakes were trunked backwards from the boiler rooms, allowing for straight funnels further removed from the bridge rather than the raked funnels on York to ensure adequate dispersal of the flue gases. [49] Three minutes later, Haguro changed the course of the battle when one of her shells penetrated the British ship's starboard aft twin four-inch gun mount before detonating in the 'B'[50] or aft boiler room,[51] knocking six of her boilers off-line[49] and killing 14 of her crew. Ayre, Thomas W. Steward. The turbines developed a total of 80,000 shaft horsepower (60,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). HMS Exeter (1763) was a 64-gun third-rate launched in 1763. HMS Exeter, 6th Battle Honour, Sunda Strait 1942. Doorman's repeated, unsuccessful, and ultimately fatal attempts to reach the transports concentrated the Japanese on the task of protecting the transports and allowed the damaged British cruiser to reach harbour. This action resulted in the scuttling of the Admiral Graf Spee several days later. Roll of Honour Northern Ireland men in HMS Exeter Battle of Java Sea BELL, Stanley Hugh RN. His ship was hit twice more shortly afterwards, but her powerplant was not damaged and she remained seaworthy, although her aircraft had to be jettisoned. We did our working up trials near the Denmark Straits while keeping an eye open for the 'Bismark' . Doorman ordered a return to Surabaya at 10:30, and his ships were attacked by eight bombers from the Kanoya Air Group at 14:37. Five ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Exeter after the city of Exeter in Devon. Most of her crewmen survived the sinking and were rescued by the Japanese. She served in the Falklands War and the Gulf War, and was in service until she was decommissioned on 27 May 2009. [1], Exeter was slightly lighter than expected and displaced 8,390 long tons (8,520 t) at standard load and 10,620 long tons (10,790 t) at deep load. 1929 – 1942. [58], The Japanese rescued 652 men of the crew of the Exeter, including her captain, who became prisoners of war. … Battle Honours: River Plate 1939, Malaya 1942, Sunda Strait 1942 . She fought at the River Plate in 1939, and was sunk at the Battle of the Java Sea in 1942. They departed on the evening of 28 February, but they were intercepted by the Japanese heavy cruisers Nachi, Haguro, Myōkō, and Ashigara, and by the destroyers Akebono, Inazuma, Yamakaze, and Kawakaze on the morning of 1 March. (Note 2) Battle Honours: River Plate 1939, Guadalcanal 1942-1943, Okinawa, 1945. The New Zealand contingent joined British forces aboard the HMS Achilles, the HMS Exeter and HMS Ajax on the mission. Exeter arrived at Singapore during the afternoon of 10 December,[35] too late to support Repulse and Prince of Wales as they had both been sunk earlier that day,[36] but some of the survivors from these two ships were treated in Exeter's sick bay.[37]. Exeter was crippled early in the battle, and she did not play much of a role as she withdrew. Exeter thus returned to Colombo the next day (11 December)[33] and spent the next two months – until almost mid-February 1942 – escorting convoys (primarily from Bombay and Colombo)[38] bound for Singapore – which fell to the Japanese on 15 February. During the Falklands War, Exeter was credited with shooting down 2 x A4 Skyhawks, 1 x Canberra and 1 x Photo reconnaissance Lear Jet. Two days later, she attempted to escape approaching Japanese forces, but she was intercepted and sunk by Japanese ships at the beginning of March in the Second Battle of the Java Sea. [7] During that same refit, her pair of fixed catapults were finally installed for her Fairey IIIF floatplanes. [57], At about 0800, the British ships spotted two of the Japanese cruisers, one of which launched its spotting floatplanes. Inside Out follows the ship's veterans on an emotional journey to … However, during that convoy, on 8 December, Exeter was ordered to urgently proceed to Singapore[34] to reinforce Force Z, as the Pacific War had just begun. Battle Honours are the UK’s leading company offering award winning walking battlefield tours, with the ability and experience to arrange tours for groups of all sizes. In return, the cruiser had hit Admiral Graf Spee three times; one shell penetrated her main armour belt and narrowly missed detonating in one of her engine rooms, but the most important of these disabled her oil-purification equipment. In 1934 she was assigned to the America and West Indies Station and remained there, aside from a temporary deployment to the Mediterranean during the Abyssinian crisis of 1935–1936, until 1939. [69] The wreck was lying in Indonesian waters at a depth of about 200 feet (61 m), 90 miles (140 km) north-west of Bawean Island – some 60 miles (97 km) from the estimated sinking position given by Gordon after the war. The wrecks of EXETER and the destroyer ENCOUNTER have been almost totally removed. Completed July 27, 1931 as HMS Exeter (68) in honor of Exeter in the United Kingdom. [citation needed], The wreck was located and positively identified by a small group of dedicated exploration divers specifically searching for the wreck aboard MV Empress on 21 February 2007. HMS Exeter Home. She was severely damaged during the battle, and she was in the shipyard for over a year. HMS Exeter was the second and last York-class heavy cruiser built for the Royal Navy during the late 1920s. HMS Exeter fought in the Falklands War … Aside from a temporary deployment with the Mediterranean Fleet during the Abyssinia Crisis of 1935–36, she spent the bulk of the 1930s assigned to the Atlantic Fleet or the North America and West Indies Station. It will be the end of us but it will sink him too". Seven more B5Ns attacked fruitlessly at 14:30; a half-dozen more followed an hour later. Exeter is the fifth ship to bear the name in the Royal Navy. Ainsworth, Thomas. She was ordered in 1956, but cancelled in 1957. The first was a group of seven Nakajima B5N "Kate" torpedo bombers from the light carrier Ryūjō that attacked Exeter with bombs around 10:30. Lieutenant Commander Dave Barnes whose first ship was HMS Exeter said “Whilst serving in HMS Montrose, whose predecessor too served in the Second World War, sharing a Battle Honour with HMS Encounter for the 1939 Atlantic Campaign, and with HMS Exeter being a former ship of mine, it was particularly poignant to remember and pay our respects to those who lost their lives this evening”. Exeter henceforth became attached to the East Indies Squadron[28] (later redesignated as the Far East Fleet). [40] The Japanese spotted the Allied ships around 08:00 and repeatedly attacked them. [16], Captain Hans Langsdorff decided to engage the British and closed at full speed. In addition, one G4M crashed while attempting to land, and another was badly damaged upon landing. The ship was then assigned to the 2nd Cruiser Squadron of the Atlantic Fleet, where she served between 1931 and 1933. This month we take a look into Archive and Library item MSS/75/130/2 concerning Captain Frederick Secker Bell (1897-1973). She was powered by four Parsons geared steam turbine sets, each driving one shaft, using provided by eight Admiralty 3-drum boilers. Honours and awards: River Plate 1939: Fate: Sold to Indian Navy 5 July 1948: New Zealand; Name: HMNZS Achilles: Commissioned: 1 October 1941: Decommissioned: 17 September 1946: Identification: Pennant number: 70: Honours and awards: Guadalcanal 1942-43, Okinawa 1945: Fate: Returned to Royal Navy 17 September 1946: General characteristics ; Class and type: The Corps of Drums HMS Nelson Volunteer Band. Her second torpedo attack at 06:43 was also unsuccessful. HMS Exeter (1680) was a 70-gun third-rate launched in 1680. Thus HMS EXETER, with her battle honours of River Plate 1939, Malaya 1942 and Sunda Strait 1942, is now only a memory with no final resting place. HMS Exeter formed part of the South American Division with Cumberland and together with the Ajax and Achilles engaged the German pocket battle ship ‘Admiral Graf Spee’ at the Battle of the River Plate on 13th December 1939. Langsdorff opened fire on Exeter at 06:18 with high-explosive shells and she returned fire two minutes later at a range of 18,700 yards (17,100 m). HMS Exeter was to have been a frigate. We have dedicated pages to the history of the ships, if you have any content to add, please let us know. Churchill makes a speech to the heroes of the Battle of the River Plate. The wrecks of DE RUYTER and JAVA have seemingly gone also while piece is also missing of KORTENAER. Honours have also been added from the London Gazette, together with the casualty lists compiled by Don Kindell. [41], The repeated aerial attacks persuaded Doorman that further progress was unwise in the face of Japanese aerial supremacy and he ordered his ships to reverse course and head for Tanjung Priok at 12:42. HMS Exeter … Slide title. Two others were seen closing in, and both launched their aircraft before opening fire at about 09:30. The Exeter and the Australian light cruiser Perth, escorted by three British destroyers, Jupiter, Encounter, and Electra, set sail at once, leaving behind one Australian cruiser and two destroyers that were short of fuel. The light cruisers and destroyers closed to ranges between 13,000 and 15,000 yards (12,000 and 14,000 m) and began firing Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes beginning at 16:03. Five ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Exeter after the city of Exeter in Devon. My father was a seaman on the HMS Exeter between 1937 and 1940. "Exeter" in the outstandingly successful naval battle of three British cruisers against the German "pocket" battleship "Admiral Graf Spec," in which the "Exeter" played such a gallant part, is Petty Officer W. E. Green, of Florencia, Clovelly Road, Bideford, and son-in-law of Mr. and Mrs. John Headon, … Without it, the ship was unlikely to be able to reach Germany. Button. Guildhall Luncheon For River Plate Heroes. [56], The following day, after making temporary repairs and refuelling, the Exeter, escorted by Encounter and the American destroyer Pope, was ordered to steam to Colombo, via the Sunda Strait. [20], Exeter made for Port Stanley for emergency repairs which took until January 1940. HMS Exeter was a York class heavy cruiser launched in 1929. [47] His heavy cruisers opened fire at long range at 15:47 with little effect. HONOURS AWARDED TO INDIVIDUAL SHIPS (including single ship actions) ABDIEL, destroyer leader, Jutland 31 May 1916. They knocked out 'A' turret, started a fire amidships that damaged the ship's fire-control and navigation circuits, and caused a seven-degree list with flooding. [44] After they had arrived the following day, Doorman's entire force of five cruisers and nine destroyers departed Surabaya at 18:30 to patrol off Eastern Java in hopes of intercepting the oncoming invasion convoy which had been spotted earlier that morning. HMS Exeter was a Type 42 destroyer, launched in 1979. Commissioned in September 1980, her first captain was Jeremy Dreyer, son of Lieutenant (later Admiral Sir Desmond) Dreyer, gunnery officer in HMS Ajax at the Battle of the River Plate. SG 307 2p HMS ExeterIV 8 x 6 Light Cruiser. HMS Exeter (D89) was a Type 42 destroyer, launched in 1979. Two months later, Harwood ordered Exeter and the light cruiser Achilles to rendezvous with his own Ajax off the mouth of the Río de la Plata, while HMS Cumberland was refitting in the Falkland Islands. On 13 February, Allied reconnaissance aircraft spotted Japanese invasion convoys north of Bangka Island and the new commander of ABDA naval forces, Vice Admiral Conrad Helfrich of the Royal Netherlands Navy, was ordered to assemble the Allied Striking Force of Exeter and three Dutch and one Australian light cruisers at Oosthaven on the morning of 14 February. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->. [11] She was repaired and modernised at HM Dockyard, Devonport between 14 February 1940 and 10 March 1941;[21] Captain W.N.T. HMS Exeter 1941. [33] After the successful completion of that duty she was then tasked to escort another ship from Calcutta to Rangoon on 6 December. The Japanese were further north than he anticipated and his ships found nothing. River Plate Heroes Convalescing. In the meanwhile, Langsdorff had switched his main guns back to the heavy cruiser and scored several more hits. 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